カメルーン フラッグ (CAMEROON FLAG)

◆サブスタンダード船
◆サブ・スタンダード船と旗国の関係
◆なぜ、サブ・スタンダード船?
◆サブスタンダード船の見つけ方
◆サブスタンダード船の写真
◆検査会社の問題 ◆AIS:船舶自動識別装置
◆ISMコード ◆ISPS(国際保安)コード


★HOME
◆海運関連業界
◆座礁船 ◆放置船 ◆自治体の嘆き
◆BLUE OCEAN(ブルーオーシャン)の事故
◆PSCとは? ◆PSCはもっと勉強を!
◆PSCによる検査の現状
◆日本(海保)のチェックは甘い!
◆船舶油濁損害賠償保障法

UNDER-PERFORMING SHIPS (1年間に3回以上出港停止を受けた船舶) TOKYO MOUのHPより


Flag of convenience (便宜置籍船)(Wikipedia)
★中国から違法船続々! ★問題船は週末や夜に入港する ★無国籍船&幽霊船情報 ★元日本籍内航船サブスタンダード船 ★船員免状の偽造及び問題
◆海難情報! ◆海難2 ◆海難3 ◆海難4 ◆海難5 ◆海難6 ◆海難7 ◆海難8 ◆ソーラー1(Solar 1)沈没 ◆カンボジア籍船の海難
カンボジア籍船 トーゴ籍船 モンゴル籍船 シエラレオネ籍船 コモロ連合船籍 ツバル船籍船 グルジア籍船
キリバス籍船 パラオ籍船 フィジ籍船
タンザニア籍船 ベリーズ籍船 モルジブ籍船 ニウエ籍船
パナマ船籍 セント キッツ籍船 不適切な検査:パナマ ビューロー 韓国客船 Sewol沈没
フィリピンでの船舶による油流出事故 ソーラー1(Solar 1)フィリピンで沈没! パナマ船籍の「マリナ アイリス」が沈没!
カンボジア籍船の海難 カンボジア船籍船 AN FENG 8 カンボジア船籍船 MING GUANG(ミンクァン)
★悪質な造船所 ★神○造船の虚偽報告 ★常石造船からの報告? ★企業の社会的責任 ★船舶保険
★七管内における放置外国船 ★タグボート沈没 ★欠陥船根絶で監査制度試行 ★ 日本は甘ちゃん!違法天国!
角島における北朝鮮籍貨物船座礁事故にかかわる報告 (JF-NET~海と魚と人の総合ホームページ)
★放置座礁船問題への取組み (一般財団法人 運輸政策研究機構のサイトより) ★サブスタンダード船排除 (社団法人日本船主協会のサイトより)
第2回パリMOU・東京MOU合同閣僚級会議の結果について (国土交通省のHP) (サブスタンダード船の排除に向けた我が国の決意を表明)
海上災害の予防対策(総務省のHPより) PSCの検査について批判的な事実を書いている。

最近では、カメルーン籍船が日本でも見かけられるようになった。 出港停止命令を受ける頻度が増えた。

UAE bans Cameroon-flagged ships: Is this a clampdown on illegal activities of Russia’s ghost fleet? 01/10/24 (Offshore Energy)

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has banned vessels flying the flag of the Republic of Cameroon from calling UAE waters and ports.

On Januaury 2, 2024, the UAE Federal Maritime Administration (FMA), represented by the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure, published a new circular.

In the circular, the FMA said it decided to include the vessels registered under the flag state of Cameroon to the existing list of restricted flag state vessels.

As informed, the Cameroon-flagged ships have no longer access to UAE ports and waters unless they are classed by a member of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) or by the Emirates Classification Society – Tasneef.

“Accordingly, all the maritime companies and ship agents in UAE are hereby requested not to provide the services to those vessels that are not complying with this circular to avoid legal accountability,” the FMA noted.

Apart from Cameroon, the concerned flag states countries list includes Albania, Belize, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Sao Tome and Principe, Tonga, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and the United Republic of Tanzania.

The administration, which is responsible for regulating foreign ships’ operations in the UAE waters and ports, has not provided further information explaining the reason behind this decision. However, reports indicate that the ban may be linked to Cameroon’s reputation as a ‘heaven’ for Russia’s so-called ghost fleet.

There is a growing number of law-abiding ships in the world which have no insurance protection. Having no insurance becomes a problem when accidents involving these ghost ships occur, especially for countries controlling the waters where accidents take place.

Therefore, the UAE’s recent move can be seen as an attempt to distance itself from unfortunate and risky situations involving ghost ships.

Since the introduction of the G7 oil price cap for Russia’s crude oil and refined products there have been speculations on Russia’s so-called shadow fleet being used to evade sanctions. Last year, S&P Global Market Intelligence whitepaper estimated that 443 tanker vessels (with a deadweight greater than 10,000) are currently operating within the Russian shadow or ghost fleet. Cameroon is among the flag states linked to vessels’ illegal activities, according to the report.

It is worth noting that the Paris MOU has identified Cameroon as a flag state with a ‘very high risk’, placing it on its Black List of ships. Vessels Haksa, Skymoon King, Gelibolu 2, Sefora, Sheksna, Bella are currently banned from the Paris Mou region, data provided by the Paris MoU shows.

Ships Flagged in Cameroon Banned by UAE in Shadow Fleet Crackdown 01/09/24 (THE MARITIME EXECUTIVE)


Shadow tanker registered in Cameroon was caught by Indonesia in an illegal STS operation in July 2023 ( Bakamla)
The United Arab Emirates quietly joined the efforts to crack down on the growing fleet of so-called shadow tankers operating outside much of the regulatory framework of the shipping industry. Without explanation, they have banned vessels operating under the flag state of the Republic of Cameroon from calling in UAE waters and ports.

The UAE’s Ministry of Energy & Infrastructure released a circular dated January 2, 2024, which surfaced on the Port of Fujairah’s website. It announced an update to the list of flag states whose ships are required to have international classification to enter the UAE.

“This administration has decided to include the vessels registered under the flag state of Cameroon to the existing list of restricted flag state vessels calling in UAE waters and ports, unless they are classified by a member of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) or by the Emirates Classification Society – Tasneef,” according to the circular. It goes on to warn that “maritime companies and ship agents in the UAE are requested not to provide the services to those vessels that are not complying with this circular to avoid legal accountability.”

Cameroon becomes the ninth national flag state listed by the Ministry. Others include similarly notorious havens for the dark fleet and vessels attempting to avoid the classification, safety, and insurance regimes of the shipping industry. Other flags listed by the UAE include Tanzania, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Tonga, and Sao Tome and Principe.

Cameroon has received attention as a haven for the shadow fleet as the operations of these vessels grew in response to the bans by the West on Russian oil exports. Historically vessels registered in Cameroon have been linked to other oil smuggling operations notably including Iran and Venezuela.

Last July, Indonesia for example reported its forces had come upon two tankers illegally anchored during a ship-to-ship oil transfer. One of the vessels was an Iranian tanker that was operating dark, i.e. with its AIS signal turned off, while the other vessel in the transfer was identifying itself as registered in Cameroon. It however was using the identity of a vessel that had been scrapped five years earlier.

A Suezmax tanker named Liberty flagged in Cameroon went aground in December 2023 near Singapore in the Strait of Malacca. The ship which was 23 years old illustrated the properties of the shadow fleet and a review of records showed it had come from a Russian oil port.

Data collected by Bloomberg found that of 14 Cameroon-flagged tankers, 11 of them could be traced to Russian oil ports in the past year.

The Paris MoU, one of the administration agencies for flag states, currently reflects six vessels registered in Cameroon as having received detention notices and are currently banned from the Paris MoU region, with two of the notices issued in September 2023. The Paris MoU lists Cameroon as only one of nine nations on its “Black List” with the highest excess factor and the only country currently ranked as “Very High Risk.”

Salvage teams in Indonesia attend to grounded shadow-fleet tanker 12/11/2023 (Insurance Marine News)

Indonesian salvage teams have managed to free suezmax Liberty (IMO 9207027), which grounded in the Singapore Strait west of Batam. The 23-year-old, Cameroon-flagged “shadow fleet” tankship ran aground last Sunday December 3rd. It took until Wednesday to get the suezmax free. According to TankerTrackers.com the ship is carrying nearly 1m barrels of Venezuelan fuel oil.

Five tugboats were needed to move the ship from its grounded position. It appears still to be in the area, motionless, indicating presumably that it is being checked for any hull damage.

The increasing number of elderly tankers continuing to ply their trade, while not being insured by the major marine liability or hull markets, is causing a significant degree of concern with the littoral states of seaways carrying a large number of tankers.

Before 2019, tankers over 20 years of age that were still operating made up just 1% of the global tanker fleet. This rose to 3% by early 2022, but since the beginning of the Russian war with Ukraine in February 2022, the percentage is on track to constitute 11% of the global fleet by 2025, according to data from brokers Braemar.

An Indonesian Navy spokesman said that an investigation into the circumstances surrounding the accident was underway. TankerTrackers data, confirmed by Kpler, showed that the ship was carrying a cargo of oil from Venezuela. Both firms said that as recently as October the Liberty was pretending to be off the coast of West Africa when in fact it was collecting oil from Venezuela. “Spoofing” a false AIS is also a matter of concern for the international shipping community and states with a vulnerability to environmental disasters.

Singapore is next to a transfer hub near Malaysia. Its role as a key transit point before heading to buyers in east Asia makes it particularly exposed to the risks from shadow fleet ships. However, other areas, such as those where ship-to-ship transfers occur, are also seen as a serious danger to the environmental health of the oceans.

The International Maritime Organization only last week branded the situation a matter of “grave concern”.

The Cameroon flag is the only one designated as “very high risk” on a black list published by the Paris Memorandum on Port State Control, which oversees ship inspections and promotes safety. A firm called Skyward Management Corp., with an address in Kazakhstan, is listed as its technical manager.

When the vessel was inspected in Singapore in 2017 and 2019 it was deemed high risk and had a handful of deficiencies. It was then sold to new owners. Subsequent inspections in Malaysia and Indonesia did not identify any issues.

The tanker receives classification services from a firm called Mediterranean Shipping Register.

2000-built, Cameroon-flagged, 83,724 gt Liberty is listed by Equasis as owned by Vythos ventures Co of Majuro, Marshall Islands. ISM manager is Skyward Shipmanagement Corp of Almaty, Kazakhstan. As of December 9th it was listed as stopped near its grounding location, having left Primorsk, Russia, on July 1st.

M/V “HAKSA” refused access to the Paris MoU 09/18/23 (SAFETY4SEA)



According to Paris MoU, M/V “HAKSA” detained in port Venice (Italy) on 25 August 2023 and left the port without complying with the conditions determined by the port State authority.

In particular, the ship’s Master did not comply with the conditions for a safe voyage to the designated repair port, by sailing:

- beyond the limit of 20 miles from the nearest coast, and

- in bad weather conditions (wind and sea state higher than the allowed limit - sea 2/wind 3).

The ship flies the flag of Republic of Cameroon, which is black on the current Paris MoU WGB list.

In accordance with section 4.2 of the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port state Control, Article 21.4 of Eu Council Directive 2009/16/EC1 and article 24.1 of national Decree March 24th, 2011 No.53, the above named vessel will be refused access to any port and anchorages in the Paris MoU region, except a port and anchorage of the ship’s flag State.

M/V “GELIBOLU 2” vessel refused access to the Paris MoU 09/15/23 (SAFETY4SEA)



According to Paris MoU, M/V “GELIBOLU 2” vessel was detained in Constanta (Romania) on 28 August 2023. This is the third detention in the Paris MoU within the last 36 months.

As explained, the ship flies the flag of Republic of Cameroon, which is black on the current Paris MoU WGB list.

Therefore under the provisions of section 4 of the Paris MoU, Article 16 of EU Council Directive 2009/16/EC, the ship will be refused further access to any port and anchorage in the Paris MOU region, except a port and anchorage of the ship’s flag State. This refusal of access will become applicable immediately after the ship is authorized to leave this port and anchorage.

As this is the second refusal of access order, the period of the refusal of access will be 12 months.

According to Paris MoU, people’s attention is drawn to the provisions of Section 4.4 of the Paris MOU, Article 21.6 of EU Council Directive 2009/16/EC1, which allow access to a specific port and anchorage in the event of force majeure or overriding safety considerations, or to reduce or minimize the risk of pollution or to have deficiencies rectified, provided that adequate measures to the satisfaction of the competent authority of such State have been implemented by the company or the master of the ship to ensure safe entry.

M/V “SKYMOON KING” vessel refused access to the Paris MoU 09/15/23 (SAFETY4SEA)



According to Paris MoU, M/V “SKYMOON KING” detained in Kalymnos (Greece) on 2 September 2023. This is the third detention in the Paris MoU within the last 36 months.

As explained, the ship flies the flag of Republic of Cameroon, which is black on the current Paris MoU WGB list.

Therefore under the provisions of section 4 of the Paris MoU, Article 16 of EU Council Directive 2009/16/EC, the ship will be refused further access to any port and anchorage in the Paris MOU region, except a port and anchorage of the ship’s flag State. This refusal of access will become applicable immediately after the ship is authorized to leave this port and anchorage.

As this is the first refusal of access order, the period of the refusal of access will be 3 months.

Paris MoU, people’s attention is drawn to the provisions of Section 4.4 of the Paris MOU, Article 21.6 of EU Council Directive 2009/16/EC1, which allow access to a specific port and anchorage in the event of force majeure or overriding safety considerations, or to reduce or minimize the risk of pollution or to have deficiencies rectified, provided that adequate measures to the satisfaction of the competent authority of such State have been implemented by the company or the master of the ship to ensure safe entry.

Cameroon becomes a go-to country for foreign fishing vessels 07/27/22 (AP News)

DOUALA, Cameroon (AP) — Off the coast of West Africa, the Trondheim is a familiar sight: a soccer field-sized ship, plying the waters from Nigeria to Mauritania as it pulls in tons of mackerel and sardines — and flying the red, yellow and green flag of Cameroon.

But aside from the flag, there is almost nothing about the Trondheim that is Cameroonian.

Once, it operated under the name of the King Fisher and sailed under the flag of the Caribbean nation St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Then it switched to Georgia, the former Soviet republic. It was only in 2019 that it began flying the banner of Cameroon.

The Trondheim is one of several vessels reflagged under Cameroon’s growing fishing fleet that have changed names and been accused of illicit activities at sea. Currently, an investigation by The Associated Press found, 14 of these vessels are owned or managed by companies based in European Union member states: Belgium, Malta, Latvia and Cyprus.

インドネシア、イラン船籍のタンカー拿捕 違法な原油積み替え疑い 07/11/23(Reuters)


7月11日 インドネシア海上保安機構(BAKAMLA)は11日、原油の違法な積み替えに関与した疑いがあるイラン船籍の超大型タンカーを拿捕したと発表し、海上警備を強化する方針を示した。写真はイラン船籍のMT Arman 114とカメルーン船籍のMT S Tinosで、BAKAMLAが11日に公開(2023年 ロイター)
シンガポール沖で14日、船舶の衝突事故があり、同国南部の海岸線が流出した黒い油で覆われた。シンガポール当局はこの大規模な油流出事故への対応に追われている。

当局によると、油の流出は、オランダ船籍の浚渫(しゅんせつ)船が、停泊中のシンガポールの燃料船に衝突したことで起きた。

浚渫船はエンジン出力を失って燃料船に衝突し、燃料船のタンクが破損したという。

タンク内の少なくとも半分の約400トンの油が流出し、その大部分が海岸に漂着したとされる。

人気リゾート地セントーサ島のいくつかのビーチクラブの利用者は、事故から3日後の17日も海水は黒く油っぽい状態で、臭いも残っていたと報告している。

セントーサ島では当分の間、遊泳など海での活動が禁止されている。国内のほかのビーチも、追って通知があるまで閉鎖されている。

野生生物への影響も懸念されている。貝類などの生物が油で覆われているとの報告もある。

ただ、初期の生物多様性調査では、大きな被害は報告されていない。

国立公園局のカリーン・トゥン博士は、地元紙ストレイツ・タイムズに対し、「同地域のマングローブの植物に油が付着しているのが確認されたが、海洋生物多様性への大きな影響はない」と語った。

しかし、清掃活動に参加したボランティアからは、影響を判断するには時期尚早だとの声が上がった。

シンガポール政府によると約1500人のボランティアが清掃作業を手伝っているが、大半の清掃作業は請負業者が行っている。16日にはセントーサ島の砂浜に押し寄せた黒いかたまりや、油まみれの波をかき分けて油を回収していた。

この観光用ビーチから数メートル離れた場所にあるビーチクラブのスタッフは、17日朝の時点で、海水は「まだ黒い」、「ビーチはオープンしているけど、海にはは入れない。きれいになっていないので」とBBCに語った。

政府は、ビーチの近くや、イースト・コースト・パーク、ウエスト・コースト・パーク、ラブラドール自然保護区の公共公園の水路に、長さ約1.5メートルの油吸着フェンスを配備したとしている

当局の共同声明によると、水面に漂う油を細かく分解し、生物分解を促すための分解剤も散布されたが、分解された後も「潮の流れで海岸線に運ばれる」可能性はある。

当局は、サンゴ礁や海洋生物保護のため一般の立ち入りが禁止されているシスターズ島海洋公園の周辺海域でも「油特有の光沢」が確認されたとしている。

シンガポールは海運と燃料補給の主要拠点で、同国南部の海岸線には数百もの船舶が浮かんでいる。

関連記事のリンク集

下記の問題も 欠陥船(サブスタンダード船) の排除のためには解決されなければならない。

パナマ・ビューロー:現在はマーシャル諸島の登録とIsthmus Bureau of Shippingの 仕事をやっているようだ。
確認は書類でのみ確認:
船籍国と船級協会 合田 浩之 (一般財団法人 山縣記念財団)
掃除をしていてThe Asahi Shinbun Globe January 15 - February4, 2012を見つけ、「日本海運支える『愛媛船主』生き残りかけた正念場に」を読んだ。

★ベリーズ籍船 以前はかなり悪くなったが、カンボジア籍船にかなりひどい サブスタンダード船が移り改善していた。しかし、カンボジア籍船がマーケットから隠れ蓑として消えたので、サブスタンダード船の 隠れ蓑としてランクアップ中。

★カンボジア籍船 :以前はホンジュラスやベリーズが有名でした。現在は、質の悪い船/登録されている隻数 では世界で一番だと思います。

★モンゴル籍船 :カンボジアの後に出来ました。以前、カンボジア船を登録した会社が登録業をしている。

★ツバル籍船 :日本で問題と見られている国籍では、一番新しい。以前、カンボジア船を登録した会社が 登録業をしている。

★グルジア籍船 :日本で出港停止命令を受けた船舶が増えた。ツバル籍船の次になるのか。
連絡先の情報については、 AMSA(オーストラリア)のHPを参考にしてください。

★シエラレオネ籍船: 北九州で大量の麻薬が見つかり、船主は行方不明になり船が放置された事件に認知度がアップ。また、東京・伊豆大島沖で2013年9月、丸仲海運が所有する貨物船「第18栄福丸」が中国企業所有のシエラレオネ籍船貨物船「JIA HUI」と衝突し、栄福丸の乗組員六人が死亡した事故でさらに注目を集める。

★トーゴ籍船:日本ではまだ少ない。

★パラオ籍船:日本でも見られるようになった。

国連機関、欠陥船根絶へ出張監査 日本提唱で攻め姿勢へ (朝日新聞)

欠陥船根絶で監査制度試行 日本の提唱受けIMO (共同通信)

サブスタンダード船が生み出されないようにするための提案

不正はいろいろな組織で存在する!

リンク集

◆サブスタンダード船
◆サブ・スタンダード船と旗国の関係
◆なぜ、サブ・スタンダード船?
◆サブスタンダード船の見つけ方
◆検査会社の問題

★HOME
◆海運関連業界
◆なぜ、サブ・スタンダード船?
◆BLUE OCEAN(ブルーオーシャン)の事故
◆座礁船及び放置船
◆PSCによる検査の現状

リンク先の情報については一切責任を負いかねますことを申し添えます。
リンク先の中には繋がらないものもあると思いますが、ご容赦ください。