◆検査会社の問題 ◆AIS:船舶自動識別装置
◆ISMコード ◆ISPS(国際保安)コード

◆座礁船 ◆放置船 ◆自治体の嘆き
◆BLUE OCEAN(ブルーオーシャン)の事故
◆PSCとは? ◆PSCはもっと勉強を!


Flag of convenience (便宜置籍船)(Wikipedia)
★中国から違法船続々! ★問題船は週末や夜に入港する ★無国籍船&幽霊船情報 ★元日本籍内航船サブスタンダード船 ★船員免状の偽造及び問題
◆海難情報! ◆海難2 ◆海難3 ◆海難4 ◆海難5 ◆ソーラー1(Solar 1)沈没 ◆カンボジア籍船の海難 ◆韓国客船 Sewol沈没 ★船舶保険
★モンゴル籍船 ★カンボジア籍船 ★シエラレオネ籍船 ★ツバル籍船 ★グルジア籍船 ★キリバス籍船 ★トーゴ籍船 ★パラオ籍船 ★ベリーズ籍船
★悪質な造船所 ★神○造船の虚偽報告 ★常石造船からの報告? ★不適切な検査:パナマ ビューロー ★欠陥船根絶で監査制度試行 ★企業の社会的責任
★タグボート沈没 ★欠陥船根絶で監査制度試行 ★ 日本は甘ちゃん!違法天国! ◆韓国客船 Sewol沈没
★ ロシア漁師の密入国が不問? ★ 密入国、不法残留、不法就労 ★ 最近の福岡県内における密航事件 ★ 最近の集団密航事件の特徴
◆ 平成19年における密輸及び密航取締り状況について ◆ 最近の集団密航事件の特徴(山口県警察のHP)
★ 平成19年における密輸及び密航取締り状況について ★ 平成20年における密輸及び密航取締り状況について(海上保安のHP)
平成23年における密輸及び密航取締り状況について (海上保安庁 警備救難部 国際刑事課) ★アクセスできない場合はこちら
平成25年における密輸及び密航取締り状況について (海上保安庁 警備救難部 国際刑事課) ★アクセスできない場合はこちら
密輸:朝鮮半島 本日モ波高シ
第2回パリMOU・東京MOU合同閣僚級会議の結果について (国土交通省のHP) (サブスタンダード船の排除に向けた我が国の決意を表明)
海上災害の予防対策(総務省のHPより) PSCの検査について批判的な事実を書いている。

新しい旗国: モンゴルツバル籍船 が密輸や違法行為に使われているらしい。

オーストラリアで摘発された北朝鮮船「ポン・ス」(PONG SU)は ツバル籍に登録されていた。 モンゴル籍船カンボジア籍船 も違法行為に使われているらしい。

「テロの危機回避などで各国が外国船の船籍を厳しくチェックする動きが強まっており、 検査をかいくぐるために「モンゴル船籍」を取得する船が増えてきたという。」

「昨年4、5月の2カ月間で、日本の港湾に寄港したモンゴル船は24隻しかなかったが、 今年4、5月の2カ月間では約5倍の115隻も寄港している。」


★尾道糸崎税関職員に問題あり の場合もあるし、日本への密輸は簡単かもしれない。


貨物船から北朝鮮製ロケット弾3万発 スエズ運河で拿捕 03/04/17(朝日新聞)





N. Korea continuing arms trade despite sanctions: U.N. report (1/2) <2/2) 02/25/17(NIKKEI)

NEW YORK (Kyodo) -- North Korea is intensifying efforts to evade international sanctions, as exemplified by its attempt last year to export a large number of rocket-propelled grenades, according to a U.N. experts' report obtained by Kyodo News on Friday.

The report, produced by a group of experts under the U.N. Security Council's sanctions committee on North Korea, shed light on the country's continued arms trade activity.

Although its weapons exports are prohibited outright under Security Council sanctions, the regime of leader Kim Jong Un is apparently trying to continue the trade as a means of securing funds for its nuclear and missile development programs.

Pyongyang "is flouting sanctions through trade in prohibited goods, with evasion techniques that are increasing in scale, scope and sophistication," it said.

Egypt last August seized 30,000 PG-7 rocket-propelled grenades and related subcomponents in wooden crates concealed under about 2,300 tons of iron ore in a ship commanded by a North Korean captain.

The case marked "the largest interdicted ammunition consignment in the history of sanctions against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea," the report said, referring to the country by its formal name.

The document also said the shipment of weapons and iron ore "highlights the nexus in trade by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in a variety of illicit goods," from small arms and light weapons ammunition to minerals banned under a U.N. sanctions resolution adopted last March.

A bill of lading showed the North Korean-made arms were falsely described as "assembly parts" of an underwater pump loaded in Nanjing, China. The transfer of iron ore is also prohibited in principle under the same resolution.

The Cambodian-flagged vessel Jie Shun was intercepted in Egyptian territorial waters when it was en route from North Korea toward the Suez Canal.

The vessel's final destination was not identified as Egypt. The cargo could have been bound for Syria, with which North Korea has pushed for military cooperation, and some African nations.

Since 2006 when North Korea conducted its first underground nuclear test, the isolated country has been subject to six rounds of U.N. sanctions.

On Nov. 30, the Security Council adopted its harshest sanctions yet in response to the country's fifth nuclear test, conducted in September. The measures were aimed at hitting coal, the cash-strapped state's largest export, in an effort to cut off funding sources for its nuclear and missile programs.

China last weekend suspended coal imports from North Korea until the end of the year as part of tightened sanctions against the country in accordance with the latest Security Council resolution.

But China, the main economic and diplomatic benefactor of the North, has been reluctant to pile too much pressure on the country, fearing it could destabilize Kim's regime.

History of crimes, ineptitude for Cambodia’s flag of convenience scheme 16/09/16 (The Cambodia Daily)

By Jack Davies and Daniel Nass

The Cambodian shipping register rescinded hundreds of so-called flags of convenience last month. In doing so, it began to draw the curtains on 22 years of the Kingdom’s banner flying over arms trading, drug smuggling, human trafficking, sanctions violations, embargo busting and unsafe practices.

The Cambodian Shipping Corporation was established by the government in 1994 and, according to a Ministry of Public Works and Transport website, “began immediately flagging ships of other nations”.

Ships from as far afield as Ukraine and the United States adopted the Cambodian flag as their own, and experts say little or no oversight has been applied to ships that fly the ensign of Angkor Wat.

‘Protecting the abusers’

The past two decades have seen the Cambodian flag blacklisted by the world’s largest shipping watchdogs – the Tokyo Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and the Paris MoU. Trawling through shipping registries, vessel tracking data and corporate ownership documents across multiple continents, the Post has attempted to catalogue what has been an embarrassing era for Cambodia’s ad hoc merchant marine as it comes to an end.

A 745-tonne cargo ship named the Tallas has been floating inert off the coast of Turkey since August 2015 after years of plying a route across the Black Sea from Crimea to Istanbul. It has not been abandoned in the strictest sense: five of its seven crewmen are still aboard.

But its owner – nominally Importica LP, a shadowy partnership registered, along with 300 others, to a detached home in Inverness, Scotland; whose two listed partners are Belize-registered companies, but whose beneficial owner is reportedly Crimea-resident Nuraddin Asadov – has cut off all funds to vessel and crew.

Russian-language media reported that without cash to replenish the ship’s stocks, fresh water, food and fuel soon ran out. Since then, the crew has reportedly resorted to alternately gathering rainwater and begging fresh stocks off passing ships. For food, they are said to be casting out lines to fish.

The same reports claim the crew has not been paid since July 2015 and has been unable to come ashore in Turkey due to expired documents, leaving them stranded.

Problems mounted for the crew after a Turkish fighter jet downed a Russian bomber conducting a sortie over Syria in November 2015, four months after the Tallas was abandoned by its owner.

The ship’s captain, Valery Nalivaiko, told the Russophone Seafarers Journal that until then, Turkish authorities had been providing support to his crew, but that the deterioration in relations between Ankara and Moscow that followed the shooting saw assistance dry up.

The International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) visited the Tallas last October, according to ITF’s maritime coordinator Jacqueline Smith.

“We have tried to assist them, with advice and representation on their behalf to port state control, embassies and the Cambodian register. That register has failed to act to assist them in any way,” Smith said in an email. “The owner has washed his hands of this ship and of its crew. Sadly, the Cambodian flag register has done the same thing.”

“Abandoning a crew miles from home is made much easier if the ship is flying a flag of convenience that embodies lax oversight, anonymity, and a desire to pocket the registration fee and ignore the responsibilities that go with it,” Smith continued. “Those are features long associated with the Cambodian flag.”

But the Tallas’ chequered history did not begin there. In July 2015, the Tallas was identified by Ukrainian NGO the Maidan of Foreign Affairs as one of 105 commercial vessels docking at Crimean ports after the peninsula’s annexation by the Russian Federation, having made its last recorded call at its home port of Yevpatoriya on September 12, 2014.

A legal analysis published in August 2014 by London law firm Reed Smith found that under the EU sanctions, “no funds or economic resources may be made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit” of Crimean ports, raising the question of how UK-registered Importica could have paid for the Tallas to dock in Yevpatoriya without violating those sanctions.

Despite his name not appearing on any documents connected to the company that owns the Tallas, the ITF and Russian-language media outlets both identified Nuraddin Asadov as the principle owner of Importica LP. Russian and Ukrainian numbers listed for Importica have been disconnected and the company’s email address has been disabled. As of press time, a message sent to Asadov’s Facebook account had not been read.]

The ITF’s Smith said that anonymity was a core feature of the flags of convenience system, which often makes it easier for seagoing lawbreakers to escape justice. “[It] allows abuses and enshrines secrecy, protecting the abusers,” she said.

2003-2016: Letting your ‘clean’ flag fly

Until the flag of convenience scheme was scuttled, the body responsible for handling registrations was the International Ship Registry of Cambodia (ISROC), established in 2003 as the successor to the Cambodian Shipping Corporation (CSC), which was dissolved in 2002 as a result of international pressure.

In 2002, French commandos exchanged fire with the crew of a Cambodian-flagged vessel discovered to be laden with more than a tonne of cocaine, according to the New York Times. Also reported in the New York Times was the seizure of 15 scud missiles from a Cambodian-flagged ship destined for Yemen.

The incidents were the straws that broke the back of the international community’s patience.

An inquiry was held by the Cambodian government and the CSC was shut down to be replaced with ISROC.

The new firm, run by a South Korean company and boasting several deputy registrars in such far-flung locales as Russia, Dubai and Greece, presented itself as a safe and reputable one-stop shop for Cambodian ship registration. An archived version of ISROC’s now-defunct website touted Cambodia as “the CLEAN flag”.

But if the change of agencies – briefly – cleaned up the Cambodian flag’s image, it did nothing to help its actual performance. Vessels registered to the Kingdom have continued to flout maritime law and draw regulators’ scrutiny. Last month, six of the nine vessels on the Tokyo MoU’s August 2016 “under-performing ships” list were Cambodian flagged.

Jack Davies and Daniel Nass

North Korea’s couriers

The 5,300-tonne cargo ship called the Pu Hae was flying the Cambodian flag when it made its way across the Yellow Sea from the Chinese port of Weihai to the North Korean port of Nampo on April 30.

The ship has made more than a dozen calls to Nampo, North Korea’s busiest port, and its neighbouring port, Kyomip’O, since late 2013, according to maritime tracking site FleetMon.

Over that three-year period, nearly one in 10 of the vessels that called at Nampo were registered in the Kingdom.

GPS tracks examined by the Post revealed dozens of Cambodian-flagged ships crisscrossing the sea between China and other Pacific nations including Japan, the Philippines, and – for a few – North Korea.

Little information is available about the companies that own and manage these ships, though records reveal they are based primarily in Taiwan, Hong Kong and mainland China.

The Pu Hae’s manager, Hong Kong-based Hua Heng Shipping Ltd, made the news last year when it defaulted on debt, leading South Africa to seize and auction off two ships managed by the firm, according to NK News. Both were crewed by North Koreans, an indicator that the company may have ties to the hermetic state.

Daniel Sneider, associate director for research at Stanford University’s Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, said via email that ships from both North Korea and China could have reason to hide behind flags of convenience.

Chinese firms wishing to do business with North Korea would benefit from foreign flagging, he said, because “United Nations sanctions against North Korea have put added attention on that traffic.”

China is North Korea’s largest trading partner, he added, accounting for as much as 90 percent of total trade. Trade between the two countries reached nearly $7 billion in 2014, according to the Council on Foreign Relations.

Some North Korean shippers are also compelled to avoid the scrutiny that accompanies the flag of their home nation. “The North Koreans have long used foreign flagging to conceal their activity, particularly things like arms shipments,” said Sneider.

But with its ignominious history, the Cambodian flag does not provide ideal cover for ships hoping to stay under the radar.

“The fact that a ship is flying a Cambodian flag has long acted as a signal to port state control authorities that it requires particular oversight,” said the ITF’s Smith.

The Pu Hae was detained in China in May of this year after a routine inspection – conducted under the auspices of the Tokyo MoU, which regulates international maritime conventions among Asia-Pacific states – found 10 deficiencies, including issues with radio communications, fire safety, navigation safety and lifesaving devices.

Because of these shortcomings, the website of the Tokyo MoU classifies Pu Hae as a “high risk ship”. This is far from a rare distinction: of the 4,150 inspections of Cambodian ships conducted under the MoU between 2013 and 2015, 13.5 percent led to detentions, far above the regional average of 4 percent.

And under the Paris MoU, whose purview covers Europe and the North Atlantic, Cambodian ships had a 10.7 percent detention rate, earning the flag a spot on the organisation’s 2015 black list. Of the 19 Cambodian-flagged ships identified by the Post that had been to North Korea, 12 had been detained at least once.

Cambodia-registered ships with ties to North Korea have a long history of maritime mishaps. In 2002, a North Korean freighter was caught carrying 15 Scud missiles to Yemen under the Cambodian flag, according to the New York Times.

And in 2011, Japanese media reported that China had shipped missile-launching vehicles to North Korea aboard the Cambodian-flagged cargo ship Harmony Wish, a claim which China denied.

But as the days of foreign companies doing business – illicit or otherwise – under the Cambodian flag draw to a close, firms must re-register elsewhere.

A representative of Taiwan-based World Merge Shipping Management SA, which manages at least eight ships that have previously flown the Cambodian flag, said she was aware that Cambodia’s flag of convenience program had been terminated at the end of August.

The representative, who did not wish to be identified by name, said the firm had chosen to register in Cambodia because it was convenient “transportation-wise”, but declined to elaborate. She said the company had already taken action to register its ships in another country, which she would not identify.

Online records are gradually beginning to reflect the demise of Cambodia’s flag of convenience policy. In the two weeks since the announcement, re-registrations have been logged for several formerly Cambodian-flagged ships, including the Pu Hae.

As of September 6, the ship had traded the spires of Angkor Wat for the flag of Tanzania.

Circulated to member states

But even as fleets search out new flags, plenty of vessels still roam the oceans bearing Cambodia’s.

The ITF’s Smith cautiously welcomed the rescinding of the Cambodian flag to foreign vessels.

“There will be plenty of Cambodian flag ships at sea . . . Common sense suggests that many, at least for the near future, will be foreign owned,” Smith said. “Potentially this is a very positive step, but it is still way too early to judge its sincerity or effectiveness.”

The Ministry of Public Works and Transport did not respond to a request for comment. However, on August 17, it sent a letter to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) advising of its decision to close its shipping registry.

“Any ships claimed to be under Cambodian flag after [the end of August], are considered illegal and subjected to applicable international laws and regulations,” the letter signed by Senior Minister Sun Chanthol read, going on to ask the IMO to “convey this information to all concerned member states and authorities”.

The IMO confirmed in an email that it had received the ministry’s letter and had circulated it to all member states.

The International Chamber of Commerce’s Commercial Crime Services (ICCCCS) division welcomed the move, although ICCCCS spokesman Pottengal Mukundan noted in an email that it is “not difficult” for a vessel to hop from one flag of convenience to another.

“Managing a shipping registry properly takes considerable resources and if this is not possible then [closing] it is probably a positive step,” he said.

Additional reporting by Kali Kotoski and Joey Chua Xue Ting

覚醒剤230キロ 横浜港で押収 02/23/17 (カナロコ by 神奈川新聞)






■密輸量が大口化 高価格の日本が「最終目的地」に






以前、ある場所についた客船の保安対策がかなり甘いと感じたことがある。何か悪い事をしようと思えば可能だと思えた。 日本はあるところでは、ばかとかあほとか思うほど厳しくセキュリティーを行うが、別の場所ではとてつもなく甘い、又は、ほとんどノーチェックの 状態である。
クルーズ船だとか、外国人観光客誘致だとか目先の利益を優先してセキュリティーや犯罪のリスクに目を瞑るのはどうかと思う。 ISPS(国際保安)コードが外国船には適用されているが、ISPS(国際保安)コード に問題がある状態で日本に入港している船はたくさん存在する。問題として認識されていない、又は、問題を発見できていないだけ。チェックする権限を 持っているところが問題を発見できず、問題はないと言えば、専門性がない人達は問題があるとは思わないだろう。

押収した覚醒剤を公表 計12億円相当、一部国内流通か 01/15/17 (沖縄タイムス)







横浜で船の積み荷からコカイン 過去2番目の押収量か 10/20/16 (NHK)


捜査関係者によりますと、横浜港の南本牧ふ頭に入港した船の中から、先月6日、コカインとみられる大量の粉末が見つかり、横浜税関が押収したということです。 粉末は、船の積み荷のコンテナの中で見つかり、総重量はおよそ100キロで、一部を鑑定したところコカインだったということです。すべてがコカインと判明すれば、財務省などによりますと、国内での1度の押収量では過去2番目に多くなり、末端の密売価格ではおよそ60億円分になるということです。 コカインが見つかった船は、南米の国や中米のパナマなどを経由して横浜港に到着していました。税関などは、生産地である南米から積み荷に紛れ込ませて密輸しようと企て失敗したものと見て、調べています。


コカインは、コカという植物の葉からとれる成分を原料にした麻薬で、違法に流通するコカインの多くは白い粉状です。覚醒剤と同じように神経を興奮させ幻覚症状が現れるほか、一度に大量に使用すると死亡するケースもあるということです。 UNODC=国連薬物犯罪事務所の報告によりますと、原料となるコカは南米で主に生産され、アメリカやヨーロッパの国々などに密輸されているということです。 財務省によりますと、国内でのコカインの押収量は覚醒剤と比べて少ないものの、1度に大量に見つかるケースもあります。1度の押収量としてこれまでで最も多いのは、平成25年11月に神奈川県横須賀市と隣の葉山町にかけての海岸で見つかった合わせて118キロだということです。

覚醒剤50キロ密輸疑い 台湾籍の男2人再逮捕 神奈川 10/08/16 (産経新聞)








クルーズ船訪日客17人失踪 08/29/16 (長崎新聞)







覚醒剤48億円分を密輸か 中国人留学生ら逮捕 09/28/16 (朝日新聞)




ヨット「LA GAETA」をAIS:船舶自動識別装置でチェックしてみると台湾の高雄(Kaohsiung)でロストしています。最後は台湾の高雄で3月20日にロスト。ここから隠密行動でしょうか?


LA GAETA Pleasure Craft (Aarine Traffic)


セキュリティーに関して甘い国内規則にするからこうなるのだ。まあ、人員が足りないのは何割程度かは知らないが、言い訳だと思う。外航クルーズ船を誘致しているのは 国交省と地方自治体。税関や海保は問題を予測していたはずだ。何も対応をしなかったのか?規則の改正は打診したのか?


<沖縄で覚醒剤600キロ>水際対策の危機、外国船急増で人員足りず 06/26/16 (沖縄タイムス )











ヨットから覚醒剤約600キロ 国内最大の摘発量か 05/20/16 (NHK)



ヨットから覚醒剤600キロ・・・沖縄で海保が押収 05/20/16 (沖縄タイムス)




ヨットに覚醒剤600キロ 県内最大、末端420億円 05/19/16 (沖縄タイムス)



 捜査関係者によると、台湾人船長は覚せい剤取締法違反の容疑について「知らない」と否認している。  乗組員は11日午後、台湾から石垣島経由で那覇ふ頭に入港したところ、沖縄地区税関の検査で麻薬のケタミンを隠し持っていたとして逮捕されていた。6人のうち3人は容疑を認めているが、他の3人は否認しているという。

 17日午前、11管と税関で行われた合同家宅捜索で船内に隠されていた覚醒剤約600キロが発見された。  ヨットがマレーシア船籍でランカウイ島のものであることから、東南アジアで生産された覚醒剤を台湾経由で運び、日本国内に密輸しようとした可能性がある。



覚醒剤600キロ、那覇港のヨットから押収 05/19/16 (読売新聞)






北、露重油を密輸 中国企業介し制裁逃れ 03/16/16 (産経新聞)











■覚醒剤6キロ密輸容疑=外国人船員4人逮捕、岡山県警  01/12/16(山陽新聞デジタル)

倉敷市・水島港で覚せい剤約6キロ(末端価格約4億2千万円相当)を密輸していたとして、岡山県警組織犯罪対策1課と 水島署は12日までに覚せい剤取締法違反(営利目的輸入)の疑いでナイジェリア国籍のオークワン・ゴズタイム・チディマ 容疑者(30)ら外国人船員の男4人を逮捕した。県警や神戸税関水島税関支署によると、同県内での覚せい剤押収量としては 過去最多。


オークワン容疑者のリュックサックに覚せい剤を持っていたが、4人とも「なぜリュックに入っていたか分からない」と容疑を否認 しているという。「下船後は岡山空港から東京に行き、飛行機で母国に帰るつもりだった」と供述しており、県警は4人が国際的な 密売組織の「運び屋」とみて、日本側の受取人など背後関係を調べる。

 4人の逮捕容疑は、昨年12月22日午前11時20分ごろ、バミューダ船籍のタンカーで水島港に寄港し、覚せい剤を密輸 した疑い。水島税関支署の職員が港内の手荷物検査場(倉敷市水島福崎町)で、リュックから不審なビニール袋2個を 発見し、県警に通報した。

 県警によると、タンカーは液化天然ガス6万200トンを積載して昨年11月24日、ナイジェリアを出発。12月21日、水島港に 到着した。4人は荷降ろしが終わった翌22日、休暇を取り下船した。

 水島税関支署は12日、関税法違反(禁制品輸入未遂)容疑でオークワン容疑者を岡山地検に告発した。 約6キロ(末端価格約4億2000万円)を持ち込んだ疑い。

<山陽新聞デジタル 2016年1月12日配信記事より転載>

億円相当の覚せい剤密輸容疑 「運び屋」外国人船員4人逮捕  01/12/16(山陽新聞)








覚醒剤6キロ密輸入で逮捕  01/12/16(NHK)










ナイジェリアから岡山県倉敷市の水島港に覚醒剤6キロを密輸したナイジェリア人とロシア人とフィリピン人の船員 01/14/16(山陽新聞デジタル)











逮捕されたのは ナイジェリア国籍の船員、オークワン・ゴズタイム・チディマ容疑者(30)。











冷凍マグロの中に覚醒剤140キロ仕込む、日本向け末端価格14億円相当 台湾高雄港で押収 07/22/14 (産経新聞)


 マグロは縦に2つに割って覚醒剤を詰めた後、元の形に戻して再冷凍されていた。冷凍コンテナ内の約300匹のうち、覚醒剤入りの約50匹には、青いシールのようなものが付いていたという。(台北 田中靖人)

キューバ行き船から大量の火薬…中国人船長逮捕 03/07/15 (読売新聞)




中古トラクターなどの密輸図る 容疑でロシア国籍男を告発 10/20/14 (西日本新聞)





=2014/10/20 西日本新聞=


警戒緩い地方狙う?覚醒剤、博多港で摘発増加 06/10/14 (読売新聞)










Singapore firm charged with smuggling weapons to N Korea (1/2) (2/2) 06/11/14 (Today)

SINGAPORE - Criminal charges were filed against a Singapore-registered shipping company yesterday for helping to smuggle missiles and fighter jets from Cuba to North Korea.

Chinpo Shipping Company allegedly transferred US$72,000 (S$90,000) to C B Fenton and Co, a Panama shipping agent, on July 8 last year, knowing that the money could be used to contribute to the "uclear-related, ballistic missile-related, or other weapons of mass destruction-related programmes or activities" of North Korea. This was in breach of United Nations sanctions restricting arms trading with North Korea because of its nuclear weapons programme.

The charge carries a fine not exceeding S$1 million.

The shipment of weapons was seized near the Panama Canal, hidden under a cargo of sugar on Chong Chon Gang, a North Korean container ship. Two Cuban fighter jets in perfect condition, missiles and live munitions were found.

In March this year, the UN Security Council's sanctions committee named Chinpo as one of two firms trying to smuggle arms to North Korea ? the other was Pyongyang-based Ocean Maritime Management.

A UN report also alleged that North Korea's embassies, including in Singapore and Cuba, were used to shift arms to Pyongyang via complex financial methods that were "pioneered by drug-trafficking organisations". "The panel has found that North Korea makes increasing use of multiple and tiered circumvention techniques," a summary of the 127-page report said.

Chinpo was also said to share a Beach Road office address with the North Korean embassy here. The report added that Chinpo acted as the agent for Ocean Maritime Management, which operated the Chong Chon Gang.

In a joint statement yesterday, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Home Affairs said it received information about Chinpo in January and immediately launched an investigation.

"Singapore takes a serious view of our international obligations to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, their means of delivery and related materials," the ministries said. "As a responsible member of the international community, Singapore has given full effect in our domestic legislation to the measures prescribed by UN Security Council resolutions and will take action against any individuals and/or companies that flout these.?

Chinpo was charged with a separate offence of carrying on a remittance business without a licence between Apr 2, 2009 and July 3 last year.

Tan Hui Tin, 50, was also charged with helping her father and Chinpo director Tan Cheng Hoe, 80, withhold electronic evidence from the Commercial Affairs Department in February this year. She is understood to have been an accounts executive in the firm at that time. If she is convicted, she could be jailed for up to one month and/or fined up to S$1,500.

Chinpo and Tan are represented by Mr Edmond Pereira, who requested for time to make representations and take instructions yesterday.

The case will be heard on Aug 1.

Shipping Company Charged For Cuba-To-North-Korea Weapons Intercepted By Panama 06/10/14 (Fox News Latino)

A Panamanian policeman guards a Russian fighter jet engine in one of the hidden containers discovered on a cargo ship bound from Cuba to North Korea via Panama. (ap)

Singapore (AP) - Singapore filed criminal charges Tuesday against a shipping company implicated in a shipment of weapons to North Korea that was seized by Panamanian authorities last year.

Locally registered Chinpo Shipping Company Ltd. was charged with transferring $72,000 to a Panama shipping agent knowing that the funds could be used to contribute to the "nuclear-related, ballistic missile-related, or other weapons of mass destruction-related programs or activities" of North Korea. A Chinpo executive, Tan Hui Tin, was also charged for withholding potential electronic evidence.

The charges stem from an incident that unfolded during the second half of 2013. In July, Panama seized a ship, the Chong Chon Gang, in the Panama Canal which was headed from Cuba to North Korea. Panamanian authorities suspected that it was transporting drugs, but when they searched the vessel they found two Cuban fighter jets, missiles and live munitions hidden in a cargo of sugar.

After the seizure, Cuba said the cargo included "obsolete defensive weapons" including two MiG-21 fighter jets and 15 motors, nine missiles in parts, and two anti-aircraft systems that were being shipped to North Korea "to be repaired and returned."

However, in October, Belsio Gonzlez, director of Panama's National Aeronautics and Ocean Administration, said that the fighter jets "are in operational condition and their engines are in excellent shape." The Central American nation said that the weapons violated U.N. sanctions that restrict arms trading with North Korea because of its nuclear weapons program.

In February, Panama released all but three members of the ship's crew after Chinpo paid a fine of nearly $700,000.

In March, the United Nations Security Council's sanctions committee named Chinpo as one of two companies involved in trying to ship arms to North Korea. The other was Ocean Maritime Management, a Pyongyang-based company.

Singapore's foreign ministry said authorities received information about Chinpo in January this year.

A panel of experts advising the Security Council said in its annual report on North Korea that the country's embassies, including in Singapore and Cuba, were suspected of helping to organize arms shipments to Pyongyang via complex financial methods that were "pioneered by drug-trafficking organizations."

The report said Chinpo Shipping Company was "co-located" with the North Korean Embassy in Singapore and that the shipping firm acted as the agent for Ocean Maritime Management, which operated the Chong Chon Gang.

A woman who answered the phone at Chinpo declined to comment.

S'pore firm charged with offences possibly linked to North Korea's WMD programme 06/10/14 (The Strit Times)

By Elena Chong

SINGAPORE - A Singapore-registered shipping company was charged on Tuesday with transferring financial assets or resources that may reasonably be used to contribute to North Korea's nuclear- and ballistic missile-related or other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) related programme. Chinpo Shipping Company's accounts executive Tan Hui Tin, 50, was also brought to court for intentionally aiding her father, Mr Tan Cheng Hoe, 80, the chairman of the company, in not handing over electronic records required by the police. The company allegedly transferred US$72,017 from its Bank of China account to one C.B. Fenton and Co., a shipping agent at Panama Canal, on July 8 last year, having reason to believe that the sum may be used to contribute to the nuclear and other WMD activities of North Korea. The company also faces a second charge of having carried on a remittance business without a valid licence between April 2009 and last July.



北朝鮮に大量のタラを送った姉弟 金総書記死後の特別配給に使用か 共犯?の兄はいまどこに…  (1/4) (2/4) (3/4) 4/4) 12/23/13 (産経新聞)


中国→北朝鮮に行き先変更 積み込みの写真をメールで送信









共犯者?の実兄、行方知れず 過去にも不正輸出で摘発









輸出入全面禁止、4月に再延長 北への「圧力」、政府の思惑と一致






覚醒剤10キロ密輸容疑で男逮捕 愛知、7億円相当 11/11/13 (朝日新聞)




ベトナム人乗組員6人逮捕 仙台港沖、漁船から不法上陸容疑 07/29/12 (産経新聞)





国際船舶・港湾保安法に基づく埠頭保安規程等の承認 (国土交通省) を受けても適切に満足していない埠頭もあるし、外国船が1年に12隻以上接岸しても 国際船舶・港湾保安法を満足しない埠頭もある。違法のやり放題と言ったところか!国土交通省がしっかりすれば、 サブ・スタンダード船やこのような違法に関与する船舶が 日本に入港する回数は減ると思う。まあ、警察にしても、税関にしても張っているのがわかるところに いたらだめだ!素人から見てもわかる。服装や使用する車ももっと自然な感じにするほうが良い。あと、 同じ場所にいるのも不自然。違和感があると、もしかして警察か税関と素人でも思うから。せっかく、海の近くなのだから、 釣り人とか港湾作業員の服装のほうが見分けにくいと思うよ。常識で考えればわかると思うけど! 公務員パフォーマンス(仕事)のレベル、個人的な意見だが、低い。

北朝鮮船からミサイル機器押収 パナマ当局、船員ら拘束 (1/2) (2/2) 07/16/13 (産経新聞)










メキシコから覚せい剤135億円相当摘発 神戸税関 06/26/13 (北の国から猫と二人で想う事)



量の多さから、組織的なのは確かで、メキシコと日本の組織が直接取引を活発に行っていると想像でき、長くメキシコの麻薬組織を追っているが、心配していたことが現実になり、すでに他国のことではなくなってきたようだ。図で見れば、摘発件数は150件未満と減少しているが、押収量は年間500キロに届く勢いで増加している。メキシコからの密輸量は全体の14%まで急増し, 2007年のメキシコからの密輸摘発1件が、2012年は24件になっている。メキシコを中心とした中南米ルートが急増しており、捜査関係者らは「今後も中南米ルートの警戒が必要」と指摘する。

薬物193キロ密輸の疑い、メキシコ人ら逮捕 兵庫県警など 06/25/13 (日本経済新聞)







覚醒剤200キロ、中国経由で神戸港へ メキシコ人ら3人追送検 06/25/13 (産経新聞)





ベン・ライン・エージェンシーズ・ジャパン 海外送金問題で不起訴決定 03/29/13 (日刊CARGO)


イラン不正送金、社員を略式起訴 役員らは処分保留 02/14/13 (日本経済新聞)




【イラン制裁決議違反】代理店の女性社員を略式起訴 男性役員らは処分保留で釈放 02/13/13 (産経新聞)

イランの制裁安保理決議をめぐる不正送金事件で、東京地検は13日、制裁対象になっているイランの船舶会社に無許可で貨物運賃を支払ったとして、外為法違反(無許可支払い)罪で、海運代理店「ベン・ライン・エージェンシーズ・ジャパン」(東京都港区)の女性社員(41)を略式起訴、男性役員ら2人を処分保留で釈放した。 東京簡裁は女性社員に罰金50万円の略式命令を出した。

イラン不正送金事件 イラン包囲網に危機感? ダミー会社で資金の流れ複雑化 01/28/13 (SankeiBiz)












ベン・ライン・エージェンシーズ・ジャパン 01/24/13 (匿名党)




(2013年1月23日18時17分 読売新聞)


 口座はベン社が制裁実施後に設立した関連会社の名義で、警視庁公安部は、違反を把握しながら、会社ぐるみで偽装工作をしていたとみている。  水嶋容疑者らは、イラン国営の海運会社「イランイスラム共和国シッピングラインズ」(IRISL)の関連会社で、2010年9月に制裁の対象になった同国の海運会社「ハーフィゼ・ダルヤー・シッピング・ラインズ(HDSL)」に運賃名目で不正送金した疑いで逮捕された。

不正送金はイラン側主導か 指示のメール届く 01/23/13 (山形新聞)




パナマ籍貨物船「MAO FENG8」集団密航事件(第1報) 01/23/13 (第四管区海上保安本部 海上保安庁)

1 事案の概要
平成25年1月23日午前10時30分頃、名古屋港検疫錨地に停泊中の中国からの直航船パナマ船籍 MAO FENG(マオ フェン) 8号(5376トン)の 煙突(ファンネル)内に潜伏していた3名を船内捜索中の海上保安官が発見した。身分を証明する書類(船員手帳、パスポート)等を所持していなかったため 事情聴取を実施したところ、平成25年1月14日、中華人民共和国遼寧省営口市BAYUQUAN(バーユーチェン)港において、本邦に密入国する目的で同船に潜入、 船内に潜んでいたことを認めたことから、現場において緊急逮捕したもの。

2 被疑者国籍等(すべて自称)
(1)中華人民共和国福建省44歳(自称) 男
(2)中華人民共和国福建省26歳(自称) 男
(3)中華人民共和国福建省35歳(自称) 男

3 罪名罰条

4 同船の要目等
船種・船名貨物船 MAO FENG 8
乗組員船長 49歳 以下16名(全員中国人)

ロシアに漁船不正輸出、容疑の2人逮捕 北海道警 11/17/12 (日本経済新聞)





<不正輸出>中古漁船をロシアに 容疑の会社社長を逮捕/北海道 11/06/12 (毎日新聞)





中古漁船を露に不正輸出容疑、社長ら2人逮捕  11/06/12 (読売新聞)






中古漁船:ロシアにも不正輸出の疑い 資金の流れを追及 03/01/2006 (毎日新聞)

韓国への中古漁船の不正輸出事件で、外国為替及び外国貿易法違反容疑で逮捕された宮城県多賀城市、「松島海運」代表、岸本洋二容疑者(64)が、ロシアへも不正輸出した疑いのあることが、門司海上保安部(北九州市)の調べで分かった。門司海保は、同容疑者が価格を実際より低く申告し審査を逃れる手口で不正輸出を繰り返していた可能性が強いとみて、ほかにも関与した人物がいないかどうか、資金の流れなどを追っている。  調べでは、同容疑者は03年、ロシアへ中古の底引き網漁船を輸出。この際、兵庫県内の船主に代金として数百万円支払ったにもかかわらず、税関へは船体価格を経済産業相の承認の不要な100万円以下の船だとして申告し、審査を逃れた疑いが持たれている。  漁船の輸出は、水産庁の事前審査後に経産相の承認を得るのが条件だが、船体価格が100万円以下なら税関への申告だけで輸出できる。  今回の「第2大和丸」の場合も、実際は約300万円の船体価格を90万円と偽り、経産相の承認を得なかった。その一方、輸出のために韓国側へ提出した書類には「300万円」と記載してあったことも門司海保の調べで判明した。  同容疑者は01年6月、北朝鮮へ中古漁船を不正輸出したとして警視庁に逮捕された。このときは、書類には輸出先を「インドネシア」と虚偽記載。船は日本から南下中に「故障した」と言って韓国に寄り、その後、北朝鮮の港へ入った。  ただ、水産庁や経産省には書類を提出し形式的な手続きは踏んでおり、門司海保は同容疑者が手口を変えた経緯にも関心を寄せている。

ロシア向け中古漁船不正輸出事件 2004 (海上保安庁)






戦前の偽米国債?大量押収 鹿児島、貨物船内から発見 05/16/12 (朝日新聞)




「迅速・正確・100%安全」 巧妙化する密航ビジネス (1/2ページ) (2/2ページ) 03/25/12 (SankeiBiz(サンケイビズ))

















SCrew of m/v Jake Vincent Tres fined for illegal cell phone trading, Solomon Islands 01/01/12 (Maritime Bulletin)

3 crew members of general cargo vessel Jake Vincent Tres were fined by Solomon Islands Court for illegal trading of undeclared cell phones, some 32 empty boxes of phones were found in vessel’s garbage. Jake Vincent Tres in Honiara port on Dec 19 for loading copra, crew members in question were found suspicious in behaviour by police, suspicion lead to detention and search. Shipping agent Tradco Co paid a fine of $23,247 to Customs, after payment vessel was cleared by the authorities. All crew members are Philippine. No data found on Jake Vincent Tres except pic of the vessel in Honiara port, and data on other vessels run by the same owner, Villa Shipping Lines. Jake Vincent Dos IMO 7700972, dwt 1600, built 1977. Jake Vincent IMO 8622555, dwt 869, built 1977. Both vessel are general cargo type, both are Philippine flagged, owner is Villa Shipping Lines, Cebu.

Ship carrying illegal migrants sinks off Indonesia, hundreds missing 12/18/11 (National Post)


JAKARTA – A boat carrying illegal immigrants heading for Australia sank off the coast of east Java in Indonesia and over 300 people were missing with many feared dead, a senior emergency official said.

Only 76 people of 380 people on board had been rescued, said Sahrul Arifin, the head of emergency and logistics at the East Java Disaster Mitigation Centre.

He said strong waves wrecked the wooden boat about 90 km (56 miles) out to sea late on Saturday night. “Our search and rescue team have begun sweeping the water around where the accident took place but we are now sending body bags to that area,” Arifin said.

He said the passengers were mainly believed to be illegal migrants from countries including Iran and Afghanistan. Many boat people from the Middle East and Asia use Indonesia as a transit point en route to Australia.

Local TV showed images of more than a dozen shocked-looking survivors huddled in a clinic in Trenggalek, a town on Java island’s southern coast.

Many economic migrants from the Middle East attempt to cross the Indian Ocean in boats in search of a better life in Australia.

Australia-based refugee advocate Jack Smit told Reuters first reports indicated the boat was overloaded. He suggested it might involve a new and inexperienced people-smuggling operator trying to make money quickly, as the boat reportedly left from the same port in Java as another that sank recently.

“It all points to new operators, and also the population of the boats is changing,” Smit, of Project SafeCom Inc, told Reuters. “It seems to me it’s a new operator that took a risk that was too big.”

Smit said there appeared to be an increasing number of Iranians taking to the boats and fewer Afghans than previously. He estimated that 2% to 5% of thousands of asylum-seekers taking to boats in this way each year died en route, with many deaths not reported.

Asylum-seekers often pay thousands of dollars to board the boats, whose journeys are organized by people-smuggling networks based in Indonesia using ramshackle vessels often poorly equipped for the perilous journey to Australian waters. This sinking is the latest of several such disasters in recent years.

タイ船籍船も要注意かもしれない。下記の事件は信じられないことだ。最近、日本の港にもタイ船籍船が見られるようになってきたが 大丈夫なのか??日本のPSC海上保安職員 も抜けている所があるからどうかな??

Source: http://www.nationalpost.com/news/ottawa+warned+months+tamil+influx/3516948/story.html

Source: http://www.nationalpost.com/news/Tamil+ship+arrives+base/3394129/story.html

Source: http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=663875#

Sun Sea Crew played a crucial role in Smuggling Tamils to Canada by Grace 04/08/11 (Canada Updates)

The key role played by the crew members of Sun Sea ship has been brought forward.

According to the Immigration and Refugee Board Canada, among 492 Tamil immigrants, who entered Canada through MV Sun Sea in Around August 2011, were helped by the 12 crew members of the ship, who played prominent role in the major human smuggling that took place.

As by the Kenny Nicolaou, a representative of Canada Border Services Agency told that Sun Sea operation was involved in about by 45 smuggling agents from different countries including Srilanka, Thailand and Malaysia.

They provided people to be smuggled with the passports, tickets to the Bangkok, they spent around 0ne to five months there in hotels or apartments and finally transported through taxi, buses to the Sun Sea. The people were asked to $5000 before boarding the ship and an additional payment of ranging from $5000 to $30, 000 after reaching the Canada. They Sun Sea played key role to smuggle Tamils to Canada.

The charges were further confirmed on hearing from one of the crew members, who served for various purposes as cooking, manning the diesel engine room etc, said by the Canada board.

When inquired further from the member, he tried to limit his role by telling that he oftenly turn up only for his three or four hours shift and rarely helped in other ways. His lawyer defended him, by saying that on base just being a crew member he can be linked with criminal work or human smuggling people.

The board adjudicator is looking for more proofs to find out the involvement of the crew member. If the fellow is found guilty of being one of the criminal organizations, the migrant could even be deported.

After questioning in presence of his lawyer, the migrant said he turned up to Canada for seeking refugee status and don’t know anything about the ship and smuggling activities going in there.

The Canada Border Services Agency is also looking for the man, whose brother was reported to be on the ship and was the key organizer of the crime and smuggling that has taken place. The work done by him and his other helpers and have generated large sums of money through this illegal activity, further added by Nicolaou.

They are also going for the deportation of 40 migrants who they doubt were the members of banned Liberton Tigers of Tamil Eelam terrorist organization, that is active in smuggling. They also believe without the contributions of the crew members Sun Sea would not have been able to make their way to Canada.

Sun Sea in Canada - refugees or human-smuggling? 04/14/10 (Maritime Bulletin)

Public Safety Minister Vic Toews described the ship as part of a larger human-smuggling operation.
Border officials expect to spend much of the weekend identifying the 490 asylum-seekers, most of them men from Sri Lanka, who arrived in Esquimalt Harbour yesterday after a three-month journey by cargo ship.
Most were much healthier than originally feared -- eight were taken to Victoria General Hospital, including a six-month-old baby and two pregnant women, but none was seriously ill.
The ship arrived in Esquimalt Harbour about 6 a.m. amid tight security.
Dean Purdy, spokesman for correctional and sheriff services with the B.C. Government and Service Employees' Union, said he was told about 400 adult men, 60 women and 30 children were aboard the 59-metre MV Sun Sea.
The men are expected to be held at Wilkinson Road jail for processing before being moved to the Lower Mainland, likely Fraser Regional Correctional Centre in Maple Ridge.
The women are reportedly being taken to Alouette Correctional Centre for Women, also in Maple Ridge.
Once the mothers and children have been processed by the federal government, they will be released into the care of B.C.'s Ministry of Children and Family Development and kept at a "secure and safe facility," the ministry said yesterday. They will be kept together while going through the federal refugee review process, and receive access to language interpreters and other support services.
Initial efforts to determine the identities of the asylum seekers, as well as any criminal connections or security threats they might pose, are expected to take 48 to 72 hours, said Rob Johnston, regional director for Canada Border Services Agency.
Public Safety Minister Vic Toews told a press conference the ship is part of a larger human-smuggling operation and Canada needs to improve its laws to ensure the country's refugee system "is not hijacked by criminals and terrorists." "I don't view this as an isolated, independent act," he said, responding to a question about whether more migrant ships are coming.
"We believe that there are others who are watching this particular situation to determine the reaction of Canadian authorities," Toews said.
"As I have said before, human smuggling is a despicable crime and any attempted abuses of our nation's generosity for financial gain are utterly unacceptable." Toews refused to provide details, however, saying he did not want to prejudice investigations into individuals who travelled on the Sun Sea.
Observing the Sun Sea's arrival across Esquimalt Lagoon yesterday, Gary Anandasangaree -- legal counsel for the Canadian Tamil Congress -- warned against painting the new arrivals with too broad a brush.
"I don't disagree with the majority of his comments," Anandasangaree said.
"But there is a difference between people smugglers and the people who are seeking refugee status. We can't lump them in together." Human smuggling was one way the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, or Tamil Tigers, financed their 25-year war with the Sri Lankan government.
The Sun Sea, which was spotted in the Gulf of Thailand in May, had been tracked for weeks by Canadian authorities because of suspicions that it was carrying illegal migrants to Canada.
HMCS Winnipeg and RCMP patrol boats intercepted Sun Sea on Thursday off the west coast of Vancouver Island. The RCMP and the navy boarded the vessel, and naval personnel piloted the vessel through Juan de Fuca Strait during the night. HMCS Whitehorse was also part of the escort.
Tugboats guided the Thai-registered Sun Sea past Fisgard Lighthouse shortly after 6 a.m. yesterday. The pocket freighter docked a half hour later at a Colwood-side wharf, where a crowd of uniformed personnel and a pair of buses waited.
By Ian Shelton, Judith Lavoie and Kim Westad, timescolonist.com August 14, 2010

Thai freighter with 200 migrants on board heading for B.C.
Friday, July 16, 2010 Canadian Press
The Thai Cargo Ship MV Sun Sea is reportedly headed for the West Coast of Canada with 200 migrants on board. Canada is watching out for a ship reported to be carrying illegal Tamil migrants after a Sri Lankan newspaper warned the vessel could be headed for British Columbia.
The Colombo Sunday Observer reported a Thai Cargo ship — the MV Sun Sea — is sailing for Canada with 200 migrants on board, including members of the Tamil Tigers, the military arm of the Tamil separatist movement.
Foreign affairs spokesman Alain Cacchione said the government is aware of reports suggesting the ship has left South East Asian waters and may be headed for Canada.
The Observer said the ship, previously known as the Harin Panich 19, was originally headed for Australia.
The paper said the vessel was last spotted in May in the Gulf of Thailand where its captain, a Tiger leader named Vinod, warned that several illegal migrants would "throw themselves overboard if anyone tried to board his ship."
Last October, a ship carrying 76 Sri Lankan migrants was intercepted in Canadian waters after crossing the Pacific from Sri Lanka.
The group on board the Ocean Lady claimed to be fleeing persecution after the country's bloody 26-year civil war.
But there are concerns that some of the migrants may have links to the Tamil Tigers, which Canada has banned as a terrorist organization.
The Sri Lankan army crushed the Tamil rebellion last May and the Canadian Tamil Congress said the migrants may have embarked on their risky ocean journey because Tamils are still persecuted and it's nearly impossible for them to come to Canada legally.
Harin Panich 19 - IMO 8017748, gt 767, built 1980, flag Thailand, owner Harinpanich Co. Ltd Bangkok.

The real story of the Sun Sea and Tamil refugees in Canada Written by Gisele Gauthier 04/19/10 (Oye Times)

In my heart I wish we could wrap our arms around every single person whose world has crumbled and shelter them from care and share with them the peace and safety we are blessed with here in Canada.

While noble in spirit, I realize my fantasy is not possible in life. The sheer number of the world’s 43 million displaced and struggling innocents is overwhelming. Governments everywhere pool foreign-aid resources, and humanitarian groups feverishly scramble to follow in the wake of natural disasters, wars, and tyrants.

As citizens of Canada, many of us have deep personal ties to people who live outside our country, and our concerns and anxieties can’t help but extend beyond our borders. As compassionate human beings, it’s only natural that we care about what happens to immigrants and refugees when they do come here.

We also want our national security forces to protect unfailingly the peace and freedom we all so highly value. In addition to overseeing this huge country from within, we expect our officials to protect us from foreign criminals and extremists.

It’s a tall order, and a controversial one. Not everyone in Canada embraces immigration, and some even go so far as to say we should close our borders altogether. We pretty much all agree on preventing crime and terrorism, but how it’s done, and how criminals and terrorists are identified as such, also remains controversial.

All these complicated issues came together with the arrival of a small Thai cargo ship called the MV Sun Sea. Crammed in its hold were 490 Tamil men, women and children who had endured a three-and-a-half-month journey across the Pacific Ocean in order to escape persecution in Sri Lanka.

The plight of the Sun Sea illustrates the difficulties faced by those who seek refuge in this manner. It was last April when the small thirty-year-old ship left Sri Lanka. As a suspected people-smuggling vessel, she was spotted by the Philippine Coast Guard as she left the Gulf of Thailand in May. Loaded with her freight of Tamil families, she was approaching Australia when she was turned back by their navy. According to reports, the Sun Sea then changed her course and headed for Canada.

On August 13th, long before daybreak, in a large and varied flotilla, the RCMP and the Navy waited 200 miles from shore to intercept the Sun Sea as she entered Canadian waters. When she was within our jurisdiction, orders were called over to her which were calmly and readily complied with. The Sun Sea was then boarded and secured. Two navy tugs attached to each end of the ship proceeded to guide her towards Vancouver’s harbour.

How anxious the people aboard the vessel must have felt as they waited below deck! After almost four gruelling months at sea, they had finally reached dry land. In the next few hours the strangers they would be meeting would hold the key to their lives and to their children’s lives. Imagine the hopes and fears they all shared that momentous last night together!

Aside from the large police and navy flotilla which filled the harbour, on shore a wide array of people awaited the passengers. Government, military and federal officials, border protection officers, doctors, translators, advocates, the press, - they all stood fixated, staring at the infamous boat as it finally appeared in the early morning light.

Seeing the distinctive blue and red striped cargo ship for the first time, they gasped in dismay. The two tug boats almost equaled the length of the Sun Sea’s. Reporters marvelled that a ship so small, only 59 metres long, and 10 wide, could hold 490 people at high sea for over three months. On deck Canadian officials wore surgical masks for protection against potential health risks. Although most of the Tamil people were still below in the hold, a few curious faces could be seen peeking out from under a tarp, one young man giving people a shy wave.

It was still dawn and the little cargo ship’s blue and red stripes reflected in the placid waters of the natural harbour. Above, the blue sky was bathed in a rosy glow. Towering cliffs covered with lush greenery provided a gorgeous backdrop for the gleaming cluster of white tents installed to process the new arrivals. Ambulances stood by to take those who needed medical attention to a nearby hospital. Police buses were on hand to transport all the others to several local prisons where they would remain while being investigated by the Canadian Border Services Agency. Social workers had arrived to take the children into foster care. Members of the Tamil community from across Canada were flying in to volunteer professional services and material aid.

Slowly, slowly, one at a time, officials gently guided the people off the ship and over the gangplank, holding black umbrellas over them, presumably to shield them from the press. From a distance one could see a woman in a flowing white skirt, and a man carrying belongings in large clear plastic bags; slow moving elderly people and young children clinging to their parents’ hands; a little boy frightened to walk on the gangplank being kindly encouraged by the officer who was leading him. As they crossed that walkway and stepped onto that green shore, one can only imagine their wildly racing thoughts and the pounding of their hearts. Slowly, one by one, they were escorted beyond the trees and beyond the public’s sight.

The Story Behind The Story

I’ve got to stop reading those appalling comments, the ones written in response to articles about the Tamil asylum seekers from Sri Lanka. The dehumanizing insults and fear mongering one can find in these crude and mean-spirited ‘have your say’ forums is shameful. If only they were merely representative of a small group of nasty, uninformed ranters. Sadly, I also read blatantly prejudiced and unsubstantiated statements coming from officials within the Canadian government itself, and to me, that is by far more worrisome.

I’ve always felt tremendous pride in Canada for being a decent law-abiding country. The majority, I believe, still values fairness and compassion and, contrary to what I read in these low-brow forums, it does not take delight in ridiculing other people’s misfortunes. It would be good if we could all resist reducing these desperate souls to mere stereotypes and instead allow due process to take place before passing judgment.

Sri Lanka, from which these families are fleeing, is very vocal in charging that these yet-to-be-identified people are all hardcore terrorists. They had claimed the same about 76 other Tamil refugees who arrived last fall on the Ocean Lady, but none of their accusations stood. Now these same alarmists are again ringing the same bell. In the face of the United Nations, Amnesty International and many other Human Rights organizations, Sri Lanka refuses an independent enquiry into war crimes committed while implementing the gruesome final strategies which brought its 26-year-long civil war to an end.

Their Defence Secretary, the President’s brother, has on Canadian television threatened to hang Sri Lanka’s imprisoned Army Commander for treason should he attempt to testify against the Rajapaksa government. It is their usual procedure to discredit anyone whose testimonies could reflect badly on them, and their diplomatic representatives are the personification of political interference. In Sri Lanka reporters, aid workers, ordinary citizens - those who could cause embarrassment or trouble - have been tortured and ‘disappeared’.

They continue to hound Tamils in their adopted countries everywhere and shamelessly attack anyone they feel has sympathy for them, including international politicians and the heads of humanitarian agencies. Toronto’s Sri Lankan consulate has organized several anti-Tamil events over the last two years alone.

Just what is more threatening: the influence of an aggressive foreign government accused of genocide and a full menu of human rights violations in its civil administration, or a boatful of unfortunates who, along with their precious children, have taken a shot at being accepted as refugees in the only way open to them? Let them get visas the normal way, you say? The trouble with that is that Canada’s visa officers have no access to the North in Sri Lanka and the Tamil people of the shattered North are under tight military control with no freedom of movement.

Last fall when the Ocean Lady arrived off the coast of British Columbia carrying 76 Tamil men, the Canadian government took on an ‘expert witness’, Rohan Gunaratna, to bolster their case against the asylum seekers. Gunaratna bluntly stated that all the claimants were terrorists. This so-called unbiased expert failed to disclose that since 1984 he has worked closely with the Sri Lankan government as an advisor and continues to promote their interests passionately. The 1980s were notorious for Sri Lanka’s horrific state-supported violence against Tamil civilians. In the long run, none of Gunaratna’s unsupported claims against the 76 asylum seekers held up.

Many of Gunaratna’s resume credentials have been disproved. Yet inexplicably he is still advising our government, and for weeks politicians have been promoting his biased point of view in anticipation of this new boat’s landing. Gunaratna still doesn’t name his sources nor offer any evidence to back up his dangerous allegations. Without our knowing who’s on board, these asylum seekers have already been stigmatized as terrorists on the grounds of their ethnicity. Oh, Canada!

Canada’s top security official and the lead minister in the current situation, Public Safety Minister Vic Toews, has been adamant that there are terrorists and human smugglers on board the Sun Sea. He says the Government’s position is that we have to make Canada a less appealing place for smugglers and that we have to send the signal that we don’t tolerate terrorists and criminals.

When people present themselves without having the proper documentation and visas, or have arrived in an ‘irregular’ way, the procedure is for the claimants to be held in custody until cleared of criminal or terrorist association. Two local prisons east of Vancouver were readied for this purpose, the Fraser Regional Correctional Centre and the Alouette Correctional Centre for Women.

The staff at the nearby Victoria General Hospital was prepared to quarantine and treat those suspected of having any communicable diseases. These people had been at sea for over three months in a cramped cargo ship and rumours of raging tuberculosis and deaths were being reported. However, the day after their arrival, when officials had had the opportunity to examine the conditions on the Sun Sea, things appeared to be much better than first feared.

The people, they said, were in remarkably good shape and in good spirits. Only twenty seven of the 490 were sent to the hospital, and all, or almost all of them were soon discharged. One person had died at sea, but no communicable disease was found. Two of the women are pregnant.

The ship itself was mechanically sound, and alterations had been made to accommodate its human cargo. It had been kept clean and organized, and they had a system to deal with waste and garbage. There were a couple of washrooms. Although closely rationed, there had been enough water and food such as rice and dried fish. Tarps had been added to the upper deck to extend living space. Hammocks were hung to provide sleeping space.

The Tamil people were seen smiling and engaged with the officials in a willing cooperative manner. Some women and approximately fifty young children have been placed in the care of British Columbia’s Ministry of Children and Family Development.

From here we can only hope that in spite of the apparent predisposition of our government and its agencies to presume guilt, the rights of these people to due process will be respected. According to international law, those seeking asylum in Canada have the right to a fair hearing on the merits of their individual cases.

The Minister of Immigration, Jason Kenney has issued this statement via his spokeswoman, prior to the ship’s landing: “This could end up being a prime example of individuals trying to take advantage of our generous immigration system. Our government is committed to cracking down on bogus refugees while providing protection to those that truly need our help.” The Harper government holds the position that Canada is being exploited and being turned into a haven for criminals and terrorists. Amongst many others, opposition politicians Michael Ignatieff and Olivia Chow are asking people to resist prejudging and they are emphasizing in interviews that due process must take place and Canadian and humanitarian laws adhered to.

Last May, loaded with her freight of Tamil families, the Sun Sea was approaching Australia when she was turned back towards Christmas Island, a practice which leaves asylum seekers without protection and which the UN High Commission for Refugees regards as jeopardizing fundamental human rights.

Like Canada, Australia has signed on to the Refugee Convention which outlines the rights of refugees and how receiving nations are to treat them. However, Australia pays Indonesia to cut off and hold refugees who attempt to reach her shores and thereby avoids living up to her responsibilities. Last year Australia processed only 120 of the refugees detained by using this unethical loophole. Australia has suspended asylum claims from Afghanistan and Sri Lanka since early April, 2010 by designating these countries as being ‘safe’. Even if they had been unwillingly towed to shore by the Indonesian navy, asylum seekers usually languish in locked refugee camps for decades waiting for a third country to accept them. As a Canadian, I am mortified to hear that there are people here who applaud the ‘Australian solution’ in spite of the disastrous consequences that befall the people who are seeking protection. The phrase ‘terrorist sympathizer’ is too often used carelessly – or even worse, in a calculated way - by those who, rather than being genuinely concerned with national security, have other motives best served by fear mongering. In anticipation of the arrival of the Sun Sea, some of our officials shamelessly fed the media with inflammatory statements. Is it appropriate to hang the accused before a trial in Canada? That’s not a good trend. Scaring the public, then running to their rescue is an old political trick. Lives are on the line. Politics ought not to be played at the expense of people undoubtedly already traumatized by recent events.

As to what happens now that the asylum seekers are here, immigration lawyer, Lorne Waldman explains that there are definite procedures and steps which will be taken. As mentioned earlier, health issues were immediately addressed. In anticipation of severe health problems, the order had been given to the Victoria General Hospital to prepare as if for a pandemic. They had opened an unused emergency wing and readied it for the possibility of hundreds of horribly sick people. As it turned out, the migrants had been able to take reasonably good care of themselves and had arrived in surprisingly good health.

The Canada Border Services Agency and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are conducting their investigation looking for the people smugglers responsible for this ship-load of hopeful souls. People smuggling is a very serious offense worldwide, and these individuals, if identified, will face vigorous prosecution.

Each passenger has been photographed, fingerprinted and processed for detention. Their fates will depend on the background checks that the government authorities are conducting. Immigration law requires a Detention Review within 48 hours of apprehension and then a second Review after seven days.

Tracking down missing documents is perhaps the single most helpful thing families and representatives of the asylum seekers can do to help them. Canada Border Services Agency will need to confirm the identities of the passengers to determine whether they pose a security threat. Migrants are under obligation to produce proper identification documents and until they do, they will be held in detention. If the documents cannot be found, procedures for deportation will commence. The Government has the broad rights to hold individuals for four or five months while continuing their investigation. Eventually they must conclude whether or not the person is a security threat. Individuals cannot be held indefinitely.

When Canada Border Services Agency’s investigation is finalized, they must produce evidence if they wish to lay a charge. In this case they are looking for proof of criminal behaviour or of connections to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. The LTTE, who fought the Sri Lankan government in a civil war for the better part of the last quarter century were, until last May, in control of the northern part of Sri Lanka, from where the asylum seekers are most likely to originate. Because the LTTE formed the government of Tamil Eelam, does it follow that all Tamil civilians living in their traditional homeland are terrorists?

Provided that individuals have their documentation, and are cleared of any security-related charges, they are then referred to immigration officials who will start to process their refugee claim. If it is determined that a person will not be a flight risk, he or she may be released into the general population, usually with conditions attached.

It may take years to determine whether a claim is accepted, and the possibility of deportation hangs over the applicant’s head all that time. It is unclear when the recent reforms designed to accelerate the processing time of claims will come into effect.

The Expertness Of Experts

On August 6, a few days before the Sun Sea’s arrival, the Canadian Tamil Congress organized a forum at beautiful Hart House in downtown Toronto to address concerns about this group of people and about Canada’s role in offering protection to refugees in general.

The first up to speak was John Argue, the Sri Lanka Coordinator for Amnesty International Canada. Amnesty, he said, continues to express concern about those aboard the Sun Sea. Asylum seekers who reach Canada using any form of transportation have the right to a case-by-case hearing, and Amnesty International Canada and the Canadian Council for Refugees had sent a joint letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper. At the time, a rumour that the ship would be prevented from reaching Canada by our navy not only involved breaking international law but also the condemning of its passengers to a tragic fate. In their letter, hope was expressed to the Prime Minister that the rumours were untrue and that Canada intends to follow due process and provide for fair refugee hearings.

‘Expert witness’ opinions aside, the continuing lack of safety for Tamils in Sri Lanka is a far more compelling argument than the unsubstantiated warnings of their constituting a national threat to Canada. Last May Amnesty International, amongst others, requested an independent inquiry into war crime allegations to examine the activities of both sides of the conflict. The Tamils supported the inquiry; the Sri Lankan government refused.

United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon has appointed advisors to continue to brief him about the ongoing situation. As it stands, Mr. Argue continued, Tamils don’t have a chance to be citizens in their own land. In Sri Lanka human rights activists, journalists, opposition politicians, anyone, really, can’t express frank opinions under threat of torture and death.

Sri Lanka’s Defence Secretary, Gotabaya Rajapaksa says that asylum seekers are involved with human smuggling and that their claim of being refugees allows terrorists to disguise themselves as civilians. This idea tries to take away credibility from all Tamil people as a group.

Victor Wong, the Executive Director of the Chinese Canadian National Council, which is a member of the Canadian Council for Refugees, warned about the attitudes which lead to criminalizing and stigmatizing people and detaining them for prolonged periods of time. This is a process which in turn prejudices their refugee claim, leading to deportation back to the very danger they risked their lives to escape. If the people on board the Sun Sea are maltreated as a group, it is conceivable that more groups of people will be marked by decisions driven by political objectives.

The current government’s recent changes to refugee law call for countries to be divided into two categories: countries that are safe and those that are not. The determination of who falls on which side of the fence appears to be a political decision, rather than one guided by the experience of human rights groups. Those who come from ‘safe’ countries, as Sri Lanka is asserting itself to be, will not be given the same opportunities to defend their case as those who come from countries on the ‘unsafe’ list.

Mr. Wong explained that those agencies which focus on helping refugees need to anticipate media buzz and its dramatic need for a ‘bad guy’ and to try to counter the negative profiling by insisting on rational investigation and due process. When the Ocean Lady’s passengers were detained in British Columbia last year, they were provided with legal council, interpreters, and for those without Canadian relatives, host families by the Canadian Tamil community and by non-governmental organizations. It would be advisable to be prepared to repeat these forms of help to the new arrivals. Mr. Wong spoke of past situations where people were turned away with tragic consequences, and urged everyone to work towards the proper and fair treatment of all immigrant groups.

John Cartwright, President of the Toronto & York Region Labour Council, and Chairperson of the coalition of human rights groups forming ‘Canadians Concerned About Sri Lanka’, urged that we get involved with building the kind of Canada we want to share together. Canada has a mixed history in dealing with immigrants and we need to hold it to high standards. Allowing Sri Lanka to whip up hysteria about the asylum seekers is unacceptable, and a fair hearing is critical for a just society. In order to overcome the shame of past injustices, certain standards must be met, and no asylum seeker can be branded as a terrorist in lieu of a just hearing.

Liberal Member of Parliament Rob Oliphant hoped that the information shared at the forum would better equip everyone in reaching the desired goal: that the proper process of refugee determination be extended to everyone. To spontaneous applause Mr. Oliphant said our Government should exercise discretion in accepting the ‘expertness of experts’. It is unseemly that Canada should advance the propaganda of a state almost universally accused of crimes against humanity.

Michael Ignatieff, the leader of the federal Liberal party, has said that he frankly wished there be a moratorium on the ‘T’ word as it’s so often used to bias Canadians purposely. Mr. Oliphant reiterated the need for the Canadian public to rally against propaganda. He encouraged lawyers and human rights groups to continue to educate the media and the public by presenting factual information rather than rhetoric. The refugee determination process, he said, is definitely worth the money and effort.

Hadyat Nazami is a Human Rights lawyer currently representing several of the refugees who arrived last October on the Ocean Lady. He thanked the hosting organization of the forum, the Canadian Tamil Congress, for the support the community provided for the asylum seekers. They had provided advice, legal council, therapy, translators and phone cards. Mr. Nazami went on to say that the recent statements made by the Harper Government made the support of the Opposition parties essential to maintain a balanced handling of the situation.

Our government’s ‘unbiased’ expert witness is sworn to advance Sri Lanka’s interests, not Canada’s. Rohan Gunaratna and his fellow agents publicly pressured our government to confront the ship before it reached our waters. That’s internationally illegal. In the past when Canada turned ships filled with refugees around, the people died. Recently Prime Minister Harper extended formal apologies for several such occurrences.

Mr. Nazami deplored the use of the terms ‘bogus refugees’ and ‘queue-jumping’, saying they painted false impressions of how immigration law works. There’s nothing unusual about refugees coming to Canada. There’s nothing unusual about having to check people for security reasons. But political interference can be hurtful and illegal. Although legal caution is understandable, during the Ocean Lady case, laws were broken and people were stigmatized.

Compassion was sadly absent in a haunting memory he shared of a traumatized Tamil man from the Ocean Lady, found crying in his solitary cell as he waited to hear of his fate. The charges against him and others like him were based on the opinions of Rohan Gunaratna and the Sri Lankan Army. Months later, when Canada Border Services Agency was pressed by Immigration Canada to produce evidence, all of the charges were dropped - in spite of earlier claims that they were in possession of ‘secret evidence’.

Gunaratna has been allowed to enter Sri Lankan prisons – a highly unusual ‘privilege’– to interrogate prisoners about the Tamil Tigers. He needed the use of translators as this ‘expert on Tamils’ cannot speak their language. Although he claims they answered his questions readily, it has been revealed that prior to his interrogation these forlorn people had been subjected to torture. This is a common practice, resulting in approximately 80% of Sri Lankan prisoners being tortured. The ‘Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture’ has observed that because of fear or trauma, such victims, in interviews often hide the fact long after they have left the offending country - which in turn jeopardizes their claim. Mr. Nazami emphasized that the Canadian government must take care to avoid becoming complicit in torture.

A second Human Rights lawyer, Robert Blanshay, was next to speak. His opening comments were about his colleague, Nadyat Nazami, who had just addressed the room. Mr. Nazami, he said, is representing several asylum seekers from the Ocean Lady, which arrived last fall. He was given ten minutes of preparation time to cross-examine Rohan Gunaratna, the ‘expert witness of choice’ of the Canadian Government. In this short period of time, Mr. Nazami was able to uncover substantial misrepresentation on Gunaratna’s part. He had failed to disclose that he had been closely linked with the government of Sri Lanka since the 1980s, and still is.

Responding to the discovery, Gunaratna claimed that this revelation was just a simple oversight, that he’d simply forgotten to mention it!! Our government did not react to this incredible conflict of interest. Did anyone think that such forbearance would be extended to any Tamil person, Mr. Blanshay asked. With further investigation, many of the credentials on Gunaratna’s resume turned out to be completely fabricated and he has been discredited internationally. But he’s still our ‘expert witness’!

As people are arriving all the time to seek asylum in Canada, the question of how we treat refugees should be focused not only on the Tamil arrivals. In fact, Canada has reduced the number of refugees over the last few years at a time when the world is full of people needing help. Third world countries take in far more refugees than do Western nations. The game amongst Western countries seems to be how to avoid living up to international standards and conventions by making it increasingly difficult for would-be refugees to qualify.

Far from being an exercise in charity, immigration has always been necessary to Canada and is closely linked to employment needs and foreign trade and policy. Most refugees, the majority being women and children, though having gone through great upheaval and personal loss, never do leave their countries, and are known as Internally Displaced Persons. IDPs as such are not counted as Refugees. The world’s Refugee statistics do not show these people in their tally. The comparative few that do arrive in Canada represent a tiny proportion of the quarter million immigrants we process each year.

Mr. Blanshay spoke of ‘Risk Assessments’ which examine what the country of origin is like in regards to the safety of the would-be refugees should they be sent back. For many reasons, including monetary ones involving major international loans and grants, Sri Lanka cannot afford to be seen as a state which does not live up to its Human Rights requirements. It will do anything it can to discredit any allegations against its record.

To this day President Rajapaksa maintains that there are no minorities in Sri Lanka and that no civilians were killed in the final months of the civil war, that his army was on a rescue mission. The remnants of these ‘rescued’ Tamil people were locked up in appallingly inadequate prison camps. From babies to elders, the survivors were starving and severely wounded from Sri Lankan scatter bombing and heavy weaponry being fired into civilian ‘safety zones’ and hospitals. Minimal medical help was permitted, and international aid and journalistic communities were banished. In spite of their efforts, Sri Lanka could not block the harrowing stories from leaking out of the camps, and these stories subsequently were heard around the world.

It comes down to this: people must educate themselves in order to avoid falling prey to biased political strategies and to hold our elected officials accountable for how they manage situations such as this. Mr. Blanshay expressed grave concern that the Canadian government was still receiving advice from Gunaratna.

Mr. Wong added that what happened last year with the Ocean Lady is actually a good case study on how the process works. The government had put security certificates on about 25 of the 76 migrants. Since the evidence presented by Rohan Gunaratna was unusable, they had to withdraw these certificates. Rule of law resulted in all 76 people being cleared of terrorist charges and allowed them to live amongst the general public while their claims were being processed.

Mr. Wong expressed gratitude to those who didn’t just ignore the Ocean Lady case. “What will happen to the next group of migrants if what happens to this group is ignored?”, he asked. If false assumptions and rhetoric are not challenged, it becomes progressively more difficult for those who follow.

Absolutely no one is suggesting that national security be compromised - quite the contrary. The integrity of our security and emergency alertness is crucial. Last year alone, Canada processed 34,000 refugee claims, and our government needs to prevent violent individuals and organizations from exploiting Canada. The concern here involves the ethical application of existing laws, the quality of the intelligence being used by our government, and the perception that decision-makers are being unduly influenced by foreign entities whose agendas are anathema to the kind of nation we pride ourselves on being.

None of us knows what the future will bring. We all do our best to comprehend this confusing world of ours, and sometimes it seems we are worlds apart in our views and conclusions. We just have to keep trying to be decent people and to mix compassion with caution. I think of those Tamil hopefuls, far away from their families and friends, waiting to see what their future will be. I pray it will be a good and secure one – for all of us.

地方の港と同じ。適切に教育された職員がいない。上司が知識や実地の経験に乏しく部下を指導できない。犯罪が少ない地方にいた職員は 形だけのチェックだけなので本当に該当者を見つけようとする意識が少ない。平和ボケで高齢の職員の意識改革が難しい。摘発されたケースは 氷山の一角だと思える。

覚醒剤密輸、狙われる地方空港 国際線増加・職員少なめ(1/2ページ) (2/2ページ) 12/12/10 (朝日新聞)


















法廷通訳の取材(准教授 富山栄子) 03/03/10 (事業創造大学院大学)


公訴事実は被告人のロシア人船員が3人で共謀し、営利目的で覚せい剤を輸入しようと企て、ウラジオストック港から、カンボジア船籍の貨物船に覚せい剤を携帯して乗船し、新潟県聖籠町東港中央埠頭で上陸して陸揚げし、覚せい剤を輸入したということで、覚せい剤取締法違反、関税法違反による裁判です。 争点は「塊が覚せい剤を含む違法薬物であると被告人が知っていたか否か」とのことです。

私は10年ほど前に、5年間ほど法廷通訳をやっていたことがあります。 そこで一番問題だなあと感じていたことは、取調べ段階の調書です。







盗難トラック不正輸出:ロシア人被告に有罪判決--地裁 /新潟 05/29/09 (読売新聞)




覚せい剤5キロ所持容疑、新潟でロシア人2人逮捕 08/03/09 (読売新聞)






北朝鮮にタンクローリー不正輸出、貿易会社社長を逮捕 15/19/09 (読売新聞)




参考までに 香港籍船の登録についてのHPを参考にしてください。(英語)

中国人3人 覚せい剤受領役か 02/09/09 (NHK)




2010年8月23日の早朝、覚せい剤運搬船として使われたシエラレオネ船籍の貨物船UNIVERSAL(1195トン)が2隻にタグボートに引っ張られ どこかへ移動していた。8月2日には門司港のある岸壁で船名が「CHIWAN 8」と書き換えられていた。

二隻のタグボートにエスコートされて関門航路西方面に移動していく「CHIWAN 8」(元「UNIVERSAL」IMO: 8988399)。

1年9カ月放置されていた覚醒剤密輸船が門司出港 転売スクラップへ 08/23/10 (読売新聞)






全ての港ではないが、岡山の港、博多港、そして苅田港の特定の岸壁は港湾局が保安の規則により承認しているがチェックや警備が甘い。 姫路港、神戸港、福山港や尾道港の特定の岸壁のチェックや警備が甘い。そう言えば、鹿児島のある港も甘かった。日本は比較的に、 チェックが甘いと言うことだろう。

博多港で覚せい剤密輸があったのならスクラップを積みにくる船が一番怪しそうだ!まあ、スクラップを頻繁に積む船にターゲットを絞れば 結構、通報なしでも覚せい剤を見つけられるかも??

「博多港でも300キロ」覚せい剤密輸で検察 12/24/08 (読売新聞)






この「UNIVERSAL」を検査した検査会社と連絡を取ったのか?もう遅いが、ISMコード及びISPSコードで要求される証書を発給する 過程で、担当者や24時間連絡が取れる電話番号を記入しているはずだ。中国の警察に連絡を取れば、関係者が逃亡したとしても誰が携帯電話を 契約したのか、支払い者や口座番号などを調べてもらえるのではないか??

PSC(外国船舶監督官) と海上保安庁は今回の事件を教訓にもっと訪船した時に、責任者等の連絡者の情報は最新の情報になっている等チェックするべきだ。 日本の規則で外国船が入港する場合、24時間前に報告する時にDPやCSOの名前と連絡先を英語訳も付けて報告するようの改正するべきだ。

日本は少し甘すぎる。一年間に外国船が12隻以上接岸しない岸壁はISPSコードを満足する事を要求していない。税関は開港か不開港だけしか 重要視しない。しかし、このような岸壁に外国船が接岸するときに外国人達がまわりにいると、「もしかして」と思ってしまう。 考えすぎかもしれない。しかし、ISPSコードを満足していない岸壁に外国船が接岸している時は、他の岸壁とは違うのだ。様子を伺っている のか、機会を狙っている感じがするのだ。まあ、税関、海上保安庁と警察の仕事だから、何とも言えないけど???

覚せい剤密輸船、港に1年以上放置 船主は所在不明 (1/2ページ) (2/2ページ)11/21/08 (読売新聞)









外交が得意な日本の外務省または国土交通省に問題を解決できるように依頼すればよいだろう。 まあ、逃げるのが好きな外務省職員もいるから、北九州市港湾空港局のために情報を提供しよう。 シエラレオネ船籍の貨物船UNIVERSALは下記の会社で登録されているはずだ。 Sierra Leone International Ship Registry


国土交通省と福岡県警は上記に連絡を取るべきだろう。「船舶の登録は適切に登録をされたのか? 船主の連絡先等などはどのようになっているのか?今回の件で登録した旗国としてどのように対応するのか?」 等の質問をするべきだろう。そして対応次第では国連やIMOの会議で問題点として議題にあげるべきだ。 このHPを見ればわかると思うが、問題が起きる前から問題を認識し適切な対応を行っていないからこのようになるのだ。 日本はISPSコードのチェックが甘い! 外国船舶がISSCを持っているかチェックするだけで、船舶がISPSコードを満足しているのか、 日本の港湾がISPSコードを満足しているのか等のチェックが甘い。今回の事件から多くを学ぶべきだ。

覚せい剤密輸船、門司港のお荷物 船主も逃げちゃった 11/09/08 (読売新聞)







貨物船に覚せい剤300キロ、インドネシア人ら12人逮捕 11/12/08(読売新聞)





【中国人船員による、大量の偽造クレジットカード原板密輸入事件を告発(平成20年6月26日発表)】 (名古屋税関)


高速密航船 11/07/08(朝日新聞) 上陸許可借りて密航 09/14/08(朝日新聞)















  ◆不法入国の摘発 韓国人増加傾向





カンボジア籍貨物船「SARGAN」イラン人不法入国事件を摘発(稚内海上保安部) 2008(海上保安庁)

平成20年6月、稚内海上保安部は、稚内港に入港したカンボジア籍貨物船「SARGAN」に対し関 係機関と合同で立入検査を実施したところ、船内居室において乗組員名簿に記載のない2名のイラ ン人を発見、警察が同2名を不法入国容疑で逮捕し、稚内海上保安部が乗組員5名を集団密航助長 容疑で逮捕しました。

中国の密航船が韓国の海洋博物館に—韓国(レコードチャイナ) 2008年7月9日、韓国に密航しようとして取り押さえられた中国の漁船が、「学術的な価値が高い」として、韓国の海洋博物館で展示されていることがわかった。環球時報が伝えた。



日立港偽造カード持ち込み 外国船員の密輸増える 09-19-2007 茨城新聞 (47News)

全国最多の5000枚押収  日立港で先ごろ、偽造クレジットカード作成用のカード原板を国内に持ち込もうとした貨物船の船長、船員ら中国人六人が税関職員らによって取り押さえられた。六人が持ち込もうとしたカード原板は約五千枚分。同様の偽造カードの密輸入事件は各地の空港・港湾で摘発されているが、一回の押収枚数としては全国でも過去最多になる。県警は、背後に外国人を巻き込んだ大掛かりなカード偽造団があるとみて調べている。  ■急増のカード被害  八月六日午後、日立港第二ふ頭。接岸した貨物船から上陸してきた中国人船員の不審な様子に、税関職員が気付き職務質問。ズボンのポケットにカード原板を隠し持っているのを見つけた。  原板は磁気データの入力用。スキミングで盗み出した他人のデータを書き込み、偽造カードとなる。  偽造カードによる国内の被害は年間、数十億円規模に上る。日本クレジット産業協会(東京)によると、十年前の九七年当時は約六億円だったのに対し、〇六年は約三十一億六千万円。  ■外国船員ら関与  こうした偽造カードの原板は主に海外から持ち込まれている、とみられている。鹿島税関日立出張所によると、中国やマレーシアからの持ち込みが目立つ。  原板は、かつては旅行客を装った運び屋が千枚単位で空路で持ち込むケースが大半だったが、近年は外国船員らによって大量密輸されるケースが目立つ。〇五年には、宮城県の塩釜港で原板四千枚を持ち込もうとした中国貨物船が摘発されている。  税関当局は偽造カードの横行を踏まえ、国外から流入するカード原板の水際での阻止へ本腰を入れている。その一環で、改正関税法も昨年から施行され、原板を新たに「輸入禁制品」と位置付け、持ち込みの罰則を強化した。従来は摘発されても、一般的な無許可輸入品として処理されていた。  ■水際阻止へ全力  水際で流入を阻止されたカード原板は急増している。鹿島税関支署日立出張所によると、全国の税関で摘発された原板枚数は二〇〇〇年に約三千枚だったが、〇五年には約一万七千枚に増えた。しかし、実際の摘発は「氷山の一角」(捜査関係者)とみられ、税関当局などはさらに警戒を強めている。  日立港で捕まった中国人六人は県警のこれまでの調べに対し、原板の受け渡し先について「『外に来ている車の人に渡せ』と指示された」「会社の指示に従って仕事した」などとあいまい

姫路港で中国船から覚せい剤6キロ押収 3人逮捕 10/19/06 (神戸新聞)

 兵庫県警薬物銃器対策課と神戸税関、神戸海上保安部などが九月末、姫路港に入港した 中国籍の貨物船などから覚せい剤計六キロ(末端価格3億6千万円相当)を押収していた ことが19日、分かった。同課などは、覚せい剤取締法違反(営利目的の譲渡・譲受)の 現行犯で、中国船の船員と受け取り役とみられる男女の計3人を逮捕しており、 背後に大がかりな密輸組織があるとみて売買ルートなどを厳しく追及している。

 逮捕されたのは、中国籍の貨物船員(50)▽受け取り役で住所不詳、無職の女(22) ▽同、男(35)の3容疑者。

 調べでは、9月28日午前6時20分ごろ、姫路市飾磨区細江の姫路港船場川公共波止場に、 中国籍貨物船「福峰山」(2,311トン、中国人19人乗り組み)が着岸した。

 翌29日午前8時45分ごろ、船員の容疑者が、近くの岸壁に止まっていた乗用車に乗り込み、 車内の2人の両容疑者と接触したところを、捜査員らが職務質問し、覚せい剤3キロの所持を確認。 3人を現行犯逮捕した。

 船員は、覚せい剤を茶袋6袋に分けて入れていた。さらに捜査員らが船内を捜索したところ、 別に3キロの覚せい剤を見つけて押収した。

 同課などは、密輸情報を入手して合同捜査していた。福峰山は9月17日に中国の青島を出港し、 鉄鋼素材3000トンを搬送してきた。これまでも不定期航路でたびたび日本に来航していたという。 船は県警などの捜査が終わり、今月11日、姫路港を出港している。

偽造カード原板4000枚密輸 宮城、中国人2人を逮捕 11-08-2005 (産経新聞)

  宮城県警塩釜署と塩釜税関支署などは8日までに、偽造クレジットカードの原板約4000枚を密輸したとして、   支払い用カード電磁的記録不正作出準備などの疑いで、いずれも中国籍で船員、馬工東容疑者(33)と   飲食店従業員、夏●容疑者(33)=埼玉県川口市=の2人を逮捕した。

  調べでは、2人は7月11日午後2時ごろ、中国から貨物船で宮城県塩釜市の塩釜港に入港し、   偽造カードに利用する原板約4000枚を密輸入した疑い。

  税関支署を無申告で通ろうとした馬容疑者を支署職員が調べたところ、持っていたバッグからカードが見つかった。   夏容疑者は受け取り役で、港から逃走したが9月に埼玉県内で逮捕した。

  カードにデータは入っておらず、馬容疑者は「中国・福建省で日本への持ち込みを頼まれた」と供述している。   塩釜署などは背後に偽造カードグループがあるとみて調べている。(共同)



日本の大手海運会社がパナマ籍船を多く所有しているが、 (多くはIACSのメンバーである検査会社が検査している) パナマ籍船もチェックは甘い。 だから、違法や違反をしたければ ツバル籍、 モンゴル籍船、カンボジア籍船 のようにマークされていないので、 ある意味では抜け穴だ。 でたらめな検査も可能。 検査のずさんさは上記の国籍に負けない。 不正な検査を行う検査官も多数存在する。 外国船舶監督官(PSC)もこのことについて認識しているのか知らないが、 知らなければ、 海上保安庁税関 も知らないだろう。尾道糸崎税関や尾道海上保安部のように、船舶国籍証書の 偽造について問題解決に動かないところもある。付け加えて言うのであれば、統括監視官や 彼の部下などは問題の隠蔽に動いたと思われる発言や行動を取った。これでは、密輸や 密入国など止められない。真剣に問題解決に取組んでいる保安職員や税関職員には申し訳ないが、 こいつらは使えないばかりでなく、税金泥棒である。問題を教えてやる時間も無駄である。 外国船舶監督官(PSC)、海上保安職員や税関職員の中には、やっているだけで問題点を 見つけようと努力していないように思われる職員も存在する。一部のがんばっている職員の記事を見て、 皆、がんばっていると思い込むのは危険である。

「中国は国内法で、外国との二重船籍を禁じている。 海保は船籍情報などを中国に送り、中国国内での取り締まり強化を求める方針だ。」 そうだ。ある日など、海上保安庁職員が船を外国船に横付けして調べていた。この船は 上記の記事が正しいのであれば、二重国籍なので指摘されなければならない。しかし、そのまま、 保安職員達は帰っていった。二重国籍であることを発見できなかったのか、調べなかったのか、 見つけたが知らないふりをしていたのか、本人達のみが知ることである。しかし、これは事実である。 これでは税金を使って効果的な取締りを行っているのか、疑問である。

外国の国内法まで知っている外国船舶監督官(PSC)、海上保安職員や税関職員は少ないと思うが、 多くの良い旗国は、船員がいつ、乗船してきたか、下船したのか、記録簿を持つことを要求し、 記入することを要求している。また、旗国の船員手帳にはいつ、乗船したのか、下船の理由(契約の 終了や船の売船)等を記入することを要求している国もある。パナマ籍船を例とするなら、 船員がいつ、乗船してきたか、下船したのか、記録簿を持つことを要求しているし、パナマの船員手帳 にもいつどの船に乗船し、いつ下船したかを記入するページもある。このことを知った上で、 チェックすれば、より効率な摘発が出来る。もし、記入が抜けていれば、外国船舶監督官(PSC)は ISMの不備として指摘し、記録簿の記入や船員手帳の記入をすることを要求できる。なぜなら、 ISMで国際条約及び国内法を満足することが要求されているからだ。 ITFの協力を受けて、船員との雇用契約が交わされた書類のコピーがあるのか等についてもチェック できる。本当にチェックすれば簡単にごまかすことが出来ない。実際、外国船舶監督官(PSC)、海上保安職員 や税関職員がどの程度までチェックしているのか、どのようなチェック基準を採用しているのか不明である。

密入国やその他の問題が北九州の保安部により指摘されているが、九州の保安部に精鋭が配置されているのか、 偶然に優秀な保安職員が集まったのか、不思議である。他の保安部で問題がないとは思えない。

外国船が入港する港は、2004年7月1日以降、 ISPSコード(国際船舶及び港湾施設保安コード) の要求を満足することになっている。結果として、 国土交通省から国際船舶・港湾保安法に基づく埠頭保安規程等の承認 を受けた埠頭だけ外国船が入港できる。この保安法によりセキュリティーの確保のため警備員や フェンス等が設置された。しかし、警備員について言うと、知識が不十分だったり、国際船舶・ 港湾保安法の知識が乏しく、上から言われたことだけを守っているところもある。中には、時折、 警備員がいなかったり、警備員の対応がずさんだったり、国際船舶・港湾保安法が要求しているセキュリティー の確保の点から言えば、国土交通省の対応に甘さがあると言えるだろう。一旦承認しても、 抜き打ちでチェックし、あまりにもひどい対応の港湾に対しては警告又は改善が見られない場合は、 承認の取消し等を含め対応するべきであると思う。




検察についても外国の政府が発行する書類が 本物であるかの確認能力、外国の政府の許可なしに発行した行為が犯罪になりえない判断等、疑問がある。 個人的に言えば、外国船舶監督官(PSC)、 海上保安職員や税関職員の中には問題のある職員も存在するので、公務員の改革が必要と考える。

下記の記事について言えば、中国員船員は他の国の船員を比べれば、船が接岸してから いろいろと歩き回っている。一時上陸許可証がないと上陸できないが、オレンジ色の紙で、 写真は貼られていない。保安庁の判断次第であるが、 国際航海船舶及び国際港湾施設の保安の確保等に関する法律で定められた船舶保安情報の通報 が入港の24時間前までに要求される。この時に、船員のリストを添付させればよい。また、 日本もセキュリティーと騒いでいるのだから、オレンジ色の一時上陸許可証を写真付きに変更し、 費用が掛かるのであれば、費用を上げればよい。最近はデジカメが普及している。代理店に 写真がないのであれば、入港した時に手続きにために乗船するのであるから、デジカメで写真を 取ることを要求すればよい。さらに不安であれば、船員手帳の写真をデジカメで取るように要求 すれば良い。代理店には不正に関与すれば、処分があることを誓約書に書かせ、会社だけでなく 対応する個人にも誓約書を書かせれば良い。代理店の中には不法であるにも関わらず、関与する 人間が存在する。この現実を踏まえて、処罰を含め対応するべきである。 データベース化すれば、密入国を摘発し易くなる。一時船陸交通の番号を警備員に記入させ、 偽造の疑いがあればエクセルやアクセスで検索できるようにすればよい。 これぐらいが出来なければ、本当に海上からの不審者等のセキュリティーの確保などできない。 保安庁の船や税関の船を減らしてでも、このようなシステムを導入するべきだ。 全ては保安庁や税関次第。

福岡で集団密航の韓国人11人逮捕、数人逃走か 04/28/07(読売新聞)








集団密航:韓国人11人が漁船で 福岡・西区の漁港 04/28/07(毎日新聞)




ベトナム人ら4人、清水港で停泊漁船から海へ…入国目的か 04/26/07(読売新聞)




これが現状か! 海上保安部や税関はしっかりとしないといけない。

海事保安コンサルタント IMOS アイモス には海上保安庁出身者が多いようだ。なぜ、コンサルタントをできるほどの 人材が保安庁にはいるのに、海上保安庁/部による現状の保安のチェックは甘いのか?? 海事保安コンサルタント IMOS アイモス のHPに書かれている基本的な項目を、海上保安庁/部がチェックすれば、多くのサブスタンダード 船の保安に不備があることが明らかになる。問題にならないのは、実行していないことを意味している と思う。 外国船に乗船しアクセスコントロールが実行されているのか、訪船者リストを常時、記録簿に記入している のかなどをチェックしているのか疑問である。船舶が国際船舶保安証書を保持していても、発給した検査 会社によっては保安に関して問題がある船舶が多く存在する。 保安、保安と言っても、実際にチェックが甘ければ、意味がないと思う。 反論があるならば、 なぜ、このような状態を見る機会に遭遇するのか 誰が教えてほしい。海上保安庁/部の対応に問題があると思う。

中国人密入国、8県13港で100人 22回入港 08/24/06(朝日新聞)









密航事件で横浜など捜索 門司海保と福岡県警 08/24/06(朝日新聞)



船ぐるみ密入国手助け容疑、中国人12人逮捕 門司海保 08/24/06(朝日新聞)









自称韓国人の女2人逮捕 コンテナ船機関室に潜み密出国計画 01/18/06(産経新聞)



 事情を聴いたところ2人とも以前から日本に滞在し不正に出国しようとしていたことが判明、同海保は入管難民法違反(密出国企 図)の現行犯で、いずれも自称韓国籍の白美仙(ペク・ミセン)(33)、奇貞淑(キ・ジョンスク)(35)両容疑者を逮捕した。

 調べによると、同船は17日に韓国の釜山を出発。18日に下関と太刀浦を経由して釜山に戻る予定だった。同保安部が船長らか ら事情を聴くなどして密出国の背後関係などを調べている。

「人民網日本語版」2004年6月4日の記事によると 天津税関、韓国へのコークス密輸船を調査



天津税関輯私局の調査はすばらしい。尾道糸崎税関は「ニセの外国船舶証明書」の件では 協力もしなかった。広島県警は、私文書偽造だと言って、何もしなかった。 これが日本の公務員の現状である。問題解決をしようとする姿勢が見られない。

ニセの外国船舶証明書を購入し、日本の港湾ではモンゴル籍の船舶と偽って申請を行れば、 見つかる可能性はないであろう。保安庁もほとんどチェックしていなかった。船舶代理店任せであった。 今も何も変わっていないと思う。

ライブドアの堀江社長逮捕以来、法令順守、企業倫理、違法はだめとか、テレビを通して言われている。 尾道糸崎税関の監視官は、 法令順守はお金を儲けてからで良いと言っていた。この監視官のような公務員がいるから、 違法な輸出、違法や輸入、密入国、ライブドア事件、 耐震偽造公認会計士の粉飾決算関与 が可能なのだと思う。


人の命も日本人でなければ、軽いと思わされる出来事に遭遇する。これが日本の現実。 ライブドアの堀江社長は運が悪かっただけであろう。本当に法令順守と言うのであれば、 法の改正や制度の改正がさまざまな分野で必要となる。やる気はあるのか?多分、無い!! 正直者がばかを見る!

★ポート・ステート・コントロール(PSC)(外国船舶監督官)カンボジア籍船モンゴル籍船 が密輸に使われているだけでなく、国際条約を満足していないことが ある現実を理解し、検査を行うべきである。ツバル籍船もあやしいかもしれない。 PSC(外国船舶監督官)の検査 はまだまだ甘い。

モンゴル籍船舶が出港停止命令を日本で頻繁に受けている。英語がわかる人は 上記の記事と現実との隔たりがあるとがわかるだろう。日本はカンボジア籍 の時と同じように野放しにするのだろうか。徹底的に検査を行い、国際条約を 満足しない状態で入出港を許可しないか、見守っていくしかないだろう。

欠陥船根絶で監査制度試行 日本の提唱受けIMO (共同通信)の記事を 読むと「国際条約の専門家や船舶検査官らを各国が派遣して監査チームを 結成し、海上人命安全条約や海洋汚染防止条約などに適合した国内法を 整備し、人員や設備などの十分な体制を取っているかを調べる。」と書かれて いる。人員や設備などの体制をチェックするよりも、問題のあるフラッグ (旗国)に登録されている船舶をどのように検査しているのか、検査報告書 と船舶の現状の違いについてどのような対応をしているのか。問題のある 検査会社に対する処分や制裁等を行っているかを確認するほうが良いであろう。 一般的に問題がある旗国でも規則等はあるのである。問題は、規則の厳守を 怠っているから問題なのである。また、問題を知っていながら放置している 旗国もある。また、PSCの能力のばらつきにより、 サブ・スタンダード船 が問題を放置したまま入港を繰り返している場合もあるのである。

故意に問題を見逃している検査会社もあり、実際にこのような検査会社を 取締まらなければならない。現状は、野放し状態である。

また、日本周辺を航行する多くの サブ・スタンダード船 の多くが、元日本国籍で日本から輸出された事実にも注目しなければならないだろう。監査制度 を提唱するぐらいだから、これらの問題にも取組むと推測する。今後の活動 に注目したい。モンゴル籍の例のように、言っていることとやっている事が 全く違う場合もあるのである。効果を上げるにはどのようにすべきか考えて ほしい。今後の日本のPSCの活動に反映されることを祈るのみである。 多くの カンボジア籍船モンゴル籍船 は問題を抱えたまま日本に入港している。 PSCは検査を行う時は、気まぐれで検査せずに、徹底的に検査してほしい。 船主、荷主、港湾関係者の圧力に負けずに、PSCの誇りを持ってUSコーストガード のように日本のPSCは他のアジアのPSCとは違うと知られるようになってもらいたい。

第5章 組織犯罪対策の推進(警察庁)









◆BLUE OCEAN(ブルーオーシャン)の事故